伯明翰图书馆
Library of Birmingham
2014-08-19 21:33:00    | keywords: 图书馆  文化  建筑  2014  RIBA  Stirling 
伯明翰图书馆
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By Mecanoo Architecten
 
 
谁说书死了?如果书死了,图书馆将永存。在其他当地政局正在缩减开支,即使有害于孩子的未来也要关闭图书馆以节约经费的时候,伯明翰市政府正重金投资图书馆。由于政府原因,之前曾有许多优秀的事务所及建筑师被市政府委派设计方案,罗杰斯也曾给出一份详细的设计方案,却没有得到实现,后来这一项目成为建筑师麦肯诺在英国的首个重要项目。
 
新图书馆坐落在伯明翰百年纪念广场,占有十分重要的地位,成为伯明翰市风格大胆、令人印象深刻的公共建筑。建筑的尺度成为广场的先例,赋予场所灵动和围合的氛围。对于城市而言,这是一项意义重大的公共领域投资,不仅营造了新型整合的公共图书馆,同时帮助更新了城市的文化中心,将西边与市中心相连。
 
令人着迷的部分在于大楼内部的中庭和户外广场的相连接,创造了许多空间层,使用者得以乐享其中。大楼穿行路线展现了通过中庭而相互连接的各个空间以及偶尔窥见的自然光。从“哈利波特”圆形大厅到“威利旺卡”玻璃电梯,还有更加步行化的扶手电梯,穿越五层楼高的图书馆就是一场向上的旅程,圆形大厅宛若大英博物馆阅览室,囊括了参考书阅览室和顶层的档案馆。来这里探索的人群拥有不同的背景,年龄段也各不相同。整座图书馆向几百万市民证明了建筑对于社区生活的重要性。
 
立面雕饰屏风十分有趣,赋予此地场所感和不断变化的景致。三层相叠的宽松盒子样式也被这一地标性建筑赋予优雅的姿态,不仅体现了伯明翰珠宝街区的遗址风格,其墙面和地板还体现了光影折射效果。屋顶上抬升的景观花园不仅成为城市中的僻静地,还能欣赏壮观的全市风景。
 
新型图书馆综合体还融合了英国老牌剧院——伯明翰剧码剧院的元素,如300人的礼堂和莎士比亚房间,还有其他独具特色的空间。图书馆作为世界一流城市的一流配套设施,为市民读书、休闲、娱乐和参与活动提供正式和非正式的场所。这里不仅是伯明翰市的文化中心,还将百年纪念广场从一个临时空间转变为充满活力的城市广场。它打破了人们对图书馆的传统认知,家庭和读者都能在这儿消遣一天,或学习、或参与活动。人们或许会遗忘约翰·麦登颇具野兽派风格的图书馆,但是伯明翰人心中会一直存有这一21世纪令人欣喜的改造。


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Who said the book is dead? If the book is dead, long live the library. While other local authorities are doing the government’s bidding in implementing spending cuts, saving pennies by closing libraries, albeit at the expense of our children’s futures, Birmingham has invested heavily in the power of the word. It takes good architects to give form to the political will and the City of Birmingham has appointed successive excellent firms to do so, first Rogers whose fine design was never realised, and latterly Mecanoo whose first major UK project this represents. 
 
Playing an important role in Birmingham’s Centenary Square, the new Library of Birmingham is an impressive and bold addition to the city, a truly public and civic building. It has set a precedent for the scale of the buildings on the square, which helps to animate the place and stipulate a sense of enclosure. For the city, this is a significant public sector investment, which has not only provided a new integrated public library but also helped to regenerate the city’s cultural heart and helped link the Westside to the city core.

Its intriguing section connects the building’s internal atrium to the square outside, creating a number of levels where users can enjoy the spaces. The journey through the building reveals itself through an interlocking atrium, tying together a range of volumes and providing glimpses of natural light.
 
From the ‘Harry Potter’ rotunda to the ‘Willy Wonka’ glass lift, not to mention the more pedestrian escalators, the library is a journey up through the five floors of the book rotunda which houses the reference library – akin to the British Museum Reading Room – to the archives placed counter-intuitively but successfully on the upper floors. This is a journey of discovery and fun for all ages and backgrounds. The library has bought millions of people into the city and demonstrated how powerful architecture can play a role in the lives of communities.
 
The interesting filigree screen on the elevations creates a strong sense of place and ever changing vistas from within. Externally, it is the signature of this landmark and lends grace to the otherwise box-like forms of the three stacked palazzos. It also reflects the heritage of Birmingham’s Jewellery Quarter and plays out in shadows and reflections on the library’s walls and floors. The elevated, landscaped gardens on the upper floors not only provide a sanctuary in an urban location but breath-taking views across the city.
 
The relationship to the Repertory Theatre including a 300-seat auditorium and reinstatement of the Shakespeare room are amongst some of the unique spaces in the new library complex. The library is a world-class facility for a world-class city with formal and informal spaces for reading, relaxing, playing and participating in the programme of events. It has become a heart to the city’s cultural destination, transforming Centenary Square from an interim space to a vibrant city square. It has also changed the traditional perception of a library to one where families and readers can spend a whole day learning and engaging. The John Madin brutalist predecessor library will be much missed but its joyful 21st century replacement has already claimed its place in Brummies’ hearts.
 
 
项目信息 Credits
Awards Won: Riba Stirling Shortlist, Riba National Award and Riba West Midlands Award
Contractor: Carillion Building West Midlands
Structural Engineer: Buro Happold
Services Engineer: Buro Happold
Cost: £186,000,000
Photographer: Harry Cock
Photographer: Christian Richters
 

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