曼彻斯特艺术学院
Manchester School of Art
2014-09-02 14:00:31    | keywords: 曼彻斯特  艺术  RIBA    Stirling    斯特林 
曼彻斯特艺术学院
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By Feilden Clegg Bradley Studios
 
置身其间就仿佛进入大都会画廊,而不是学院。中庭具有现实的功能:为公众和学生展示艺术创作的作品。不同学科之间得以互相交流,鼓励合作,如平面艺术和美术、建筑和时装、摄影和珠宝等。
 
20世纪60年代建立的大厦,建筑师负责的翻新工程是曼彻斯特艺术学院的新建部分。优秀的设计加之具有远见的业主所传达的简讯,足以推翻传统艺术和设计的壁垒,鼓励职员和学生跨学科共同合作,一起探索不同话题之间的共性。
 
无数的音乐家毕业于艺术学院,如马尔科姆·麦克拉伦、约翰·列侬、基思·理查兹、彼得·汤申德、布莱恩·伊诺、布莱恩·费瑞、伊恩·杜瑞、乔·斯特鲁摩,还包括毕业于中央圣马丁学校的贾维斯·卡克,他曾经这样说到,“艺术学院的经历给予我很多借鉴,Pulp乐队的《屌丝之歌》(相遇并坠入爱河)就是来源那儿,更重要的是我从中学会不以横向思维考虑问题。”建筑师对建筑的处理也是非线性的,呈现垂直性。这将在未来很多年里对艺术院校以及其他校园建筑的设计手法产生影响。
 
“垂直画廊”接待空间是全开放的,所有的学生和访客都能往来于缓缓上升的楼梯。在垂直元素后方是“设计棚”,囊括了开放工作室、创作室、教学空间,为教学提供了广阔的场地。严密的安防系统免除了此类建筑通常在入口处设置的层层旋转闸门,学生能很快进入。大面积的定制机库门设计,使得“设计棚”可以用作公共垂直展厅或者其他活动。
 
这样的创新设计解决方案在项目里还有很多,全部都巧妙地融合进整体方案中。副校长约翰·布鲁克斯教授这样写道,“艺术和文化在青年人教育和社会价值观中扮演着至关重要的角色。在财政主导决策的年代,我们能够从长远角度看待艺术之于人类健康和社会稳定的重要性,这一点十分必要。”这一说法是对为了艺术而做图腾艺术的不妥协,以及对艺术就是我们无法负担的奢华这一定义的否定。
 
这栋建筑催生了设计和创意的开拓。正如学校的招生简章所描述的,“曼彻斯特艺术学院相信艺术学校不仅仅只是个场所。它是连接可接受和可能性、是什么和如果是什么之间的桥梁。”

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It feels as if you are entering a metropolitan art gallery rather than a university department. This is an atrium with real purpose: providing public and other students with glimpses of works of art and their making. Different disciplines can see what their confreres are up to and are encouraged to mix and collaborate: graphic arts with fine arts, architecture with fashion, photography with jewellery.
 
This major refurbishment of the 1960s tower and new extension to the Manchester School of Art has been executed with great skill by Feilden Clegg Bradley Studios. Design excellence has been coupled with the brief of a visionary client to break down the traditional art and design units, encouraging staff and students across disciplines to work together and explore the common ground between subjects.
 
Jarvis Cocker, one of the myriad of art school trained musicians including Malcolm McLaren, John Lennon, Keith Richards, Pete Townshend, Brian Eno, Bryan Ferry, Ian Drury and Joe Strummer, and himself a graduate of the Central St Martin’s School, has said, ‘The experience of being at art school gave me a lot to draw on – Pulp’s Common People – is about (meeting and falling in love) there, but on a deeper level I was taught to think about things in a non-lateral way.’ Just so FCBS have thought about this building in a non-linear, in a vertical way. It will influence the design of all art schools and many other university buildings for years to come.
 
The welcoming ‘vertical gallery’ space is open to all, enabling students and visitors to perambulate up gently rising flying staircases. Behind the vertical element sits the ‘design shed’ where open studios, workshops and teaching spaces provide a wide range of spaces for learning. The discreet security systems allow students to access studios without the need for endless turnstile systems that often plague such buildings.  Large custom-made hangar doors enable the ‘shed’ to open up to the public vertical space for exhibitions or other events.
 
They are one of a number of innovative design solutions that have been cleverly incorporated throughout the scheme. Client and Vice Chancellor Professor John Brooks has written, ‘Arts and culture have a vital role in the education of our young people and in the values of society. At a time when financial pressures can dominate decision making, it is vital that we have been able to take a long-term view about the critical importance of the Arts to our well-being and the stability of our society.’ This refreshing refusal either to bend down before the totem art for art’s sake or to accept that the decent provision for the arts is a luxury we can no longer afford has led to a great building.
 
This building is a catalyst for the exploration of design and creativity. As the school prospectus states, ‘Manchester School of Art believes an art school is more than just a place. It is a bridge between the acceptable and the possible, between what is and what if.’
 
Credits项目信息:
Client: Manchester Metropolitan University
Awards Won: RIBA Stirling Shortlist, RIBA National Award and RIBA North West Award
Contractor: Morgan Sindall
Structural Engineer: Arup
M&E Consultant: Arup
Cost: £23,600,000
Photographer: Hufton + Crow 
 
 
Via RIBA  译:90degree
 
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