斯瓦米纳拉亚纳印度教庙
Swaminarayan Temple
2014-09-25 11:13:39    | keywords: 印度  教庙  宗教  文化 
斯瓦米纳拉亚纳印度教庙
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Courtesy of World Architecture Community 感谢WA的投稿,90degree编译,本文未经许可,不得转载,如需转载请发邮件至editor@90dg.cn

典型的传统印度庙宇建筑风格,加之底层庞大的聚集空间与凌驾于神像之上高低错落的夸张式屋顶结构,这些元素在该项目的组合应用中,对宗教建筑的设计理念进行了重新诠释。
 
在大小不一的立方体错落组合的屋顶结构应衬中,寺庙的室内空间高度渐变式地朝着佛像所在的中心位置逐渐升高,越往佛像处走,形成的纵向视野越开阔。整个寺庙建筑围裹于土丘之中,室内的自然通风大都依附于立方体组合屋顶的栅格状通风设计,凉爽的清风透过这些屋顶栅格吹进神殿室内,有效地为室内降温,以应对当地35℃的平均气温。
 
这些栅格状的屋顶通风系统,其内层由混凝土线形栅格模块构筑而成,外层则由竹质材料对其进行装饰,这样既形成了自然美观的建筑外形,又具备相对稳固的屋顶结构,自然风与自然光照透过这些高低错落的栅格立方体屋面传送到室内神殿的每一个角落。
 
实质上,传统庙宇的建筑设计元素都包含在整个建筑的规划布局之中,其立方体组合式的屋顶设计,使得寺庙神殿内的每一个角落都能享有自然的空气与充足的光照,有效缓解了当地燥热的气候对神殿内各种宗教活动的影响,同时,雕塑式的视觉艺术感充斥着整个神殿空间,从而唤起人们对宗教传统的深切体悟。
 
The historical typology of the typical Indian temple with a lower level gathering space and a comical high roof over the deity of the god is reinterpreted in this design.
 
The entire temple space is created with cuboids of varying dimensions that gradually become higher over the focal deity in a fragmented way. The main gathering place is surrounded by earth mounds and sky lit creating a naturally ventilated cool inner space in response to the average temperatures of 35°C of the temple’s location.
 
Each of the cuboids that form the roof of the temple is created in bamboo screens above a concrete rectilinear grid with natural ventilation and natural light entering through the spaces formed by the height variation of the cuboids.
 
While the parameters of the traditional temple have been adhered to in terms of the plan , the sectional design is in response to the climate creating a cool internal volume with light entering at different levels in different ways through the day creating a sculptural feel to the spaces within and thus interpreting tradition in an evocative and responsive way.

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