卡拉马祖学院的Arcus社会公正领导中心/ Studio Gang Architects
Arcus Center for Social Justice Leadership at Kalamazoo College by Studio Gang Architects
2015-06-15 09:43:47    | keywords: Studio  Gang  Architects  卡拉马祖学院 
卡拉马祖学院的Arcus社会公正领导中心/ Studio Gang Architects
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Courtesy of Studio Gang Architects. 感谢Studio Gang Architects的供稿,90degree版权所有,不得转载。

从历史上看,谋求社会公正的集会往往发生在最不正式的地方,例如教堂的地下室、某所房子的客厅或者甚至是厨房里的桌子旁,其中包括许多对这个国家来说最重要的人权集会。要完整设计一栋能够开展讨论并且向所有人开放的建筑,从各个方面来说都是一个前所未有的挑战。Arcus社会公正领导中心旨在让社会公正话题转入地面并成为公众意识。

Arcus中心秉承推动积极社会变革的使命,致力于发展并联合在人权和社会公正领域中出现或已存在的领导者。作为一个研究中心和会议空间,该建筑使学生、教师、访问学者、社会公正领导者及市民得以聚集到一起,为创造一个更加公正的世界开展对话和活动。

Arcus中心的建筑从诸多重要的方面支持这项工作。建筑内部视野通透、日光充足,这一设计旨在鼓励布局上的集合,从而打破人们在心理和文化上的隔阂,促进相互理解。该建筑设有客厅、壁炉以及供人分享食物的厨房,为频繁的非正式会议及不经意的邂逅提供了可能。

建筑师在空间设计上的许多决定都体现了社会公正——例如在选址、可达性和性别认同等问题上。公平实践直接融入设计,使该中心得以促进各种规模的积极社会变革。该建筑的设计同样敏锐地体现了周围独特的环境脉络:居民区、大学校园以及一片原生树林。三轴设计反映并融合了三种脉络,使内凹的弧形墙面既容纳着内部空间,又连接着巨大的透明立面。

该中心的木质砌体外墙是当地一种被遗忘的技术,在21世纪又流行了起来。木材使炭与外界隔离,通过低技术方法实现高性能建筑立面。堆叠的木材使临近的树林景观得以延伸。这种独特的外观既是对校园现有建筑的格鲁吉亚砌砖语言及植栽风格的挑战,又是对堆砌工艺以及校园早期建筑的建造者表达敬意。

Arcus中心秉持着这样一种宗旨,那就是,在一个社会公正的世界里,每个人的生命都是有价值的,每个人的内在尊严也都应被认可。该中心展示了集会空间能够且应该成为我们最有力量的空间。

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Image by: Iwan Baan

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Image by: Hedrich Blessing - Steve Hall

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Image by: Iwan Baan

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Image by: Hedrich Blessing - Steve Hall

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Image by: Iwan Baan

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Image by: Hedrich Blessing - Steve Hall

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Image by: Iwan Baan

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Image by: Hedrich Blessing - Steve Hall

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Image by: Hedrich Blessing - Steve Hall

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Image by: Hedrich Blessing - Steve Hall

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Image by: Hedrich Blessing - Steve Hall

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Image by: Hedrich Blessing - Steve Hall

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Image by: Hedrich Blessing - Steve Hall

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Image by: Hedrich Blessing - Steve Hall

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Image by: Hedrich Blessing - Steve Hall

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Image by: Hedrich Blessing - Steve Hall

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Image by: Hedrich Blessing - Steve Hall

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Image by: Hedrich Blessing - Steve Hall

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Image by: Hedrich Blessing - Steve Hall

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Image by: Hedrich Blessing - Steve Hall

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Image by: Studio Gang Architects

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Image by: Studio Gang Architects

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Image by: Studio Gang Architects

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Image by: Studio Gang Architects

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Image by: Studio Gang Architects

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Image by: Studio Gang Architects

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Image by: Studio Gang Architects

Historically, convening for social justice has taken place in the most informal settings, with many of this nation’s most important civil rights gatherings, for example, taking place in a church basement, a living room, or even around a kitchen table. The challenge of designing a building from the ground up that fosters discussion and renders this work visible and welcome to all is in many ways unprecedented. The Arcus Center for Social Justice Leadership aims to bring social justice topics up from the basement and squarely into public consciousness.

With its mission to catalyze positive social change, the Arcus Center works to develop emerging leaders and engage existing leaders in the fields of human rights and social justice. As a study center and meeting space, the building brings together students, faculty, visiting scholars, social justice leaders, and members of the public for conversation and activities aimed at creating a more just world.

The Center’s architecture supports this work in several important ways. Inside, the building’s visually open and day-lit interior is designed to encourage “convening” in configurations that begin to break down psychological and cultural barriers between people and help facilitate understanding. The presence of a living room, hearth, and kitchen for sharing food at the center of the building creates the potential for frequent informal meetings and casual or chance encounters.

Many decisions that architects must make about space—addressing, for instance, issues of accessibility or gender identification—have social justice repercussions. The integration of equitable practices directly into its design enables the Center to instigate positive social transformation at every scale. The building is likewise designed to respond sensitively to its distinct yet adjacent physical contexts: a residential neighborhood, the college campus, and a native woodland grove. Its tri-axial plan addresses and unites all three contexts with large transparent facades connected by concavely inflected arcing walls that embrace the interior space.

For the Center’s wood masonry exterior, a local but forgotten building technique was revived and brought into the 21st century. The wood sequesters carbon and provides a low-tech approach to achieving a high-performance building facade. The stacked cordwood material also works as a figurative extension of the trees in the adjacent grove landscape. This unique exterior challenges the Georgian brick language and plantation-style architecture of the campus’s existing buildings, while simultaneously honoring the masonry craft and those who constructed the college’s earlier structures.

Informed by the tenet that in a socially just world each person’s life is valued and their inherent dignity is recognized, the Arcus Center demonstrates that spaces for convening can and should be some of our most powerful.

项目信息
项目位置:美国密歇根州卡拉马祖
建筑设计:Studio Gang 建筑事务所
项目业主:卡拉马祖学院
项目面积:10,000平方英尺(约929平方米)
项目造价:5,000,000美元
能源与环境设计先锋奖:定向金奖
项目状态:2014年9月19日开放

Project Credits:
Location: Kalamazoo, Michigan
Architect: Studio Gang Architects
Owner: Kalamazoo College
Size: 10,000 Sf
Cost: $5,000,000
LEED: Targeted Gold
Status: Opened September 19, 2014


公司简介
Studio Gang建筑事务所由麦克阿瑟奖得主珍妮·甘于1997年创办,总部位于芝加哥及纽约,拥有60多名建筑师、设计师和思想家。Studio Gang于2013年荣获库珀·休伊特国家设计奖,目前致力于解决当代社会面临的紧急问题及其对人类的影响。该工作室的每个项目设计均与项目的具体位置及文化相互呼应,并体现了都市化、气候及可持续发展等全球主题。Studio Gang以该方法为指导,打造了许多当下最具创新性且最引人注目的建筑,包括水之塔(拥有鼓励打造垂直社区的立面)、林肯动物园的自然木板路(14英亩的生态多样栖息地分饰两角,兼作暴雨基础设施及迷人的公共空间)、克拉克公园的WMS船屋(芝加哥河沿途的新公共入口)及卡拉马祖学院的Arcus社会公正领导中心。Studio Gang的作品得到了公众的广泛赞誉,且公开出版并通过多个渠道进行展览,其中包括威尼斯建筑双年展、现代艺术博物馆及芝加哥艺术博物馆等。
Company Profile
Founded by MacArthur Fellow Jeanne Gang in 1997, Studio Gang Architects is a collective of sixty architects, designers, and thinkers based in Chicago and New York. Recipient of the 2013 Cooper-Hewitt National Design Award, Studio Gang engages pressing contemporary issues and their impact on human experience. Each of the Studio’s projects is designed to resonate with its specific site and culture while addressing global themes such as urbanization, climate, and sustainability. Guided by this approach, Studio Gang has produced some of today’s most innovative and compelling architecture, including Aqua Tower, whose facade encourages building community in the vertical direction; the Nature Boardwalk at Lincoln Park Zoo, where fourteen acres of biodiverse habitat are designed to double as stormwater infrastructure and engaging public space; the WMS Boathouse at Clark Park, which creates a new public access point along the Chicago River; and the Arcus Center for Social Justice Leadership at Kalamazoo College. Honored and published widely, Studio Gang’s work has been exhibited at the Venice Architecture Biennale, the Museum of Modern Art, and the Art Institute of Chicago, among others.

创始人兼设计负责人——珍妮·甘
麦克阿瑟奖得主珍妮·甘是Studio Gang建筑事务所的主要创始人,擅长打造视觉震撼的作品并采用环境敏感的方法,这使她享誉世界。从社区锚点设施和文化机构到多功能高层建筑及城市设计,珍妮·甘致力于通过各种规模的项目探索设计对振兴城市的影响,并力图通过实践增强都市与自然系统之间的协同作用。目前,她参与了美国各地的许多重大项目,包括在建的芝加哥北区新学生宿舍、纽约消防部精英消防二队的培训设施及消防站,以及位于旧金山、迈阿密、纽约等地处于不同设计阶段的高楼及大型建筑。
JEANNE GANG, Founder & Design Principal
MacArthur Fellow Jeanne Gang is the founding principal of Studio Gang Architects. Internationally recognized for her visually striking work and environmentally sensitive approach, Jeanne explores the role of design in revitalizing cities through projects that range in scale from community anchors and cultural institutions to tall mixed-use buildings and urban design. With her practice, she aims to strengthen the synergy between urban and natural systems. Jeanne is currently engaged in major projects throughout the United States, including the new Campus North residence hall for the University of Chicago, currently under construction; a training facility and firehouse for the New York Fire Department’s elite Fire Rescue Company 2; and several towers and large-scale buildings at various stages of design in San Francisco, Miami, and New York, among others.

设计负责人托德·齐马
托德·齐马是Studio Gang的设计负责人,自2008年起开始执业。作为Arcus社会公正领导中心的项目建筑师,托德负责指导设计工作,管理设计团队并与该工作室的主要创始人珍妮·甘密切合作。托德曾在该工作室的多个机构项目中担任类似职务,尤其是在目前在建的芝加哥大学北区学生宿舍中负责领导工作。托德对影响人们的生活和工作方式的建筑所拥有的变革潜力极富兴趣,他主张通过研究和探索打造高效设计,同时潜心通过建筑环境打造并丰富社区环境。
TODD ZIMA, Design Principal
Todd Zima serves as Design Principal at Studio Gang Architects, where he has practiced since 2008. As Project Architect for the Arcus Center for Social Justice Leadership, Todd guided the design and managed the team in close collaboration with Founding Principal Jeanne Gang. Todd has served in a similar role for many of the Studio’s institutional projects, most notably leading the Campus North Residence Hall project for the University of Chicago, currently under construction. Deeply interested in the transformative potential of architecture to affect how people live and work, Todd advocates for efficient design informed by research and discovery, dedicating much of his career to creating and enriching community through the built environment.

室内设计总监玛格利特·卡夫纳
作为室内设计总监,玛格利特·卡夫纳负责Studio Gang每个项目的设计及室内设计的实施工作,其参与的项目囊括高端私人住宅及高等教育中心。她天衣无缝地将建筑设计意图融入室内设计理念。她的组织机构客户包括芝加哥大学北区及Arcus社会公正领导中心,其中,在Arcus中心项目中,她负责从规划到定制家具设计过程的设计领导工作。
MARGARET CAVENAGH, Interiors Director
In her role as Interiors Director, Margaret Cavenagh is responsible for the design and implementation of the interior architecture for every Studio Gang project, from high-end private residences to higher education centers. She seamlessly integrates the interior design concepts with the architectural design intent. Her institutional clients include the University of Chicago Campus North and the Arcus Center for Social Justice Leadership where she provided design leadership from programming through custom furniture design.

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