画满无数焰火的天空/Studio Echelman
Skies Painted with Unnumbered Sparks by Studio Echelman
2014-11-21 17:03:02    | keywords: 艺术  雕塑  科技  TED  Autodesk 
画满无数焰火的天空/Studio Echelman
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Courtesy of Studio Echelman. 感谢Studio Echelman的投稿,90degree版权所有,不得转载。
 
 
“这是一个保持了物理与真实的社交空间。”——艺术评论家玛丽·路易丝·舒马赫
 
2014年3月,艾克曼工作室在TED会议厅三十周年的节点上,安装了最大且互动最多的雕塑装置。这个巨型的空中雕塑横跨745英尺,坐落在24层高的费尔蒙特海滨酒店和温哥华会议中心之间,展现了艺术家对尺度的极限挑战——雕塑比艺术家之前的作品大了两倍多。这个雕塑的互动部分独具原创性,是设计师与谷歌数据艺术团队的创意总监亚伦·康博林一起合作的成果。夜间,雕塑渐渐苏醒,游客在各自的移动设备上采用物理手势在现实中编织灯光。巨大尺度的空间中,光影效果十分生动,而这仅仅通过游客手机上的小动作就能完成。
 
白天,雕塑精致而壮美,与天空和云朵相互交织,十分静谧。这一复杂的雕塑由860 000个人工和机器相结合而制造成的结节构成,145英里长的编织纤维重量近3 500磅,宽745英尺。为了完成如此大尺度的复杂雕塑,艾克曼工作室与三维设计软件领先企业欧特克共同合作,最终解决了这一有趣的设计问题。他们共同开发了定制型的三维软件,进而搭建了雕塑的模型并测试了可行性。对此,艾克曼女士说道,‘’这一软件帮助我在更小的细节上对密度、形状和尺度进行探索。““我们能够很好地表现设计,同时还能立即看到效果。我们得以进一步推进设计的深度与广度。”
 
雕塑的材料全部是软质纤维,它可以直接与已有的城市建筑相连接。为了承受如此大尺度的艺术作品,艾克曼女士采用霍尼韦尔公司的防弹纤维作为材料,质轻而耐久,承重力比钢材大15倍。在2014TED会议中心展览后,这个作品作为“值得传播的理念”将巡游全球各个城市。这个作品代表了艺术与科技的融合及其持续共同演变的未来。“我想让人们既感到安全,又感到与开放的天空相连接。”艾克曼女士说道,“我希望游客更多地感受到与周围邻居和陌生人的相连。”
 
雕塑的名称“画满无数焰火的天空”引自莎士比亚的《凯撒大帝》。通过互动的照明演示,每个人都能将光线编织进艺术作品里。艾克曼女士说:“我们每一个人都是那些星光、那些焰火之一,能够在天空中涂鸦。”
 
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Photo by Ema Peter

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Photo by Ema Peter

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Photo by Ema Peter

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Photo by Ema Peter

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Photo by Ema Peter
 
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Photo by Ema Peter
 
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Photo by Ema Peter
 
“A social space that is simultaneously physical and virtual” – art critic Mary Louise Schumacher
 
Studio Echelman installed its largest, most interactive sculpture installation to date at the TED Conference’s 30th anniversary, March 2014. The monumental aerial sculpture spanned 745 feet between the 24-story Fairmont Waterfront and the Vancouver Convention Center, challenging the artist to work on her most ambitious scale yet – over twice the size of her largest previous sculpture. The sculpture was presented with an original, interactive work created in collaboration with artist Aaron Koblin, Creative Director of the Data Arts Team in Google’s Creative Lab. At night the sculpture came to life as visitors were able to choreograph the lighting in real time using physical gestures on their mobile devices. Vivid beams of light were projected across a massive scale as the result of small movements on spectators’ phones.
 
In the daytime, the sculpture’s delicate yet monumental form is subtle, blending in with clouds and sky. A complex matrix of 860,000 hand and machine-made knots and 145 miles of braided fiber weighing nearly 3,500 pounds span 745 feet to make up Skies Painted with Unnumbered Sparks. In order to achieve such scale and complexity, Echelman turned to Autodesk, a leader in 3D design software that seeks out interesting design problems. Autodesk collaborated with Studio Echelman to create custom 3D software to model the sculpture and test its feasibility. “The software has allowed me to explore density, shape, and scale in much greater detail,” says Echelman. “We can manipulate our designs and see the results immediately. We’re able to push the boundaries of our designs further.”
 
Made entirely of soft fibers, the sculpture can attach directly into existing city architecture. To support the artwork across such a large span, Echelman utilized Honeywell Spectra fiber, a lightweight, durable material 15 times stronger than steel by weight. It is designed to travel to cities around the globe after the 2014 TED Conference exhibition as an “idea worth spreading.”
This project embodies the infusion of art and technology, as both continuously evolve together. “I want people to feel protected, yet linked to open sky,” says Echelman. “I hope that visitors feel more connected to those around them – to neighbors and strangers.”
 
The title of the sculpture, ‘Skies Painted with Unnumbered Sparks’, refers to a quotation from Shakespeare’s ‘Julius Caesar’. Through the interactive lighting component, each person can choreograph light onto the artwork and “it’s about each one of us being one of those stars – those sparks – and being able to paint the skies,” says Echelman.
 
Credits:
Location: Vancouver, Canada
Time: 2014
Materials: Twisted nylon, braided polyester, Honeywell Spectra fiber, and interactive, colored lighting
Dimensions of Net: 300 ft. length x 110 ft. width x 40 ft. depth
Installation Dimensions: 745 ft. length x 475 ft. width x 175 ft. height
Artists: Sculpture by Janet Echelman, Interactive Art by Aaron Koblin
Sculpture Design Team: Studio Echelman: Melissa Henry, Daniel Zeese, Cameron Chateauneuf, Lucca Townsend
Interactive Art: Google Data Arts Team: Doug Fritz, Aleksandar Rodic, Jono Brandel, Max Hawkins, Chris Delbuck, Hyun Ji Bae, Sabah Kosoy, Valdean Klump, Jenny Ramaswamy, Clem Wright
Sculptural Engineering: Arup: Clayton Binkley, Hans-Erik Blomgren, Patrick McCafferty, John Hand, Cormac Deavy
Building Engineering: Glotman Simpson: Rob Simpson, Andrew Seeton
Simulation Software Engineering: Autodesk: Jeff Kowalski, Peter Boyer, Matt Jezyk, Mike Dewberry
Projection & Lighting: Graphics eMotion: Hassan Aziz, Julien Abril, Frank Dufaux, Olivier Delahousse, Louis Fortin; Kinetic Lighting: James Schipper, Geoffrey Galper
Sound Design: CMoore Sound: Connor Moore, Joel St. Julien
Network: Brown Pelican Group: Marybeth Hall, Glenn Hall
Photography: Ema Peter
Install Design: GNW: Elia Kirby, Nate Sills, Belle Cheung
Fiber Craftsmen: John Neal, Les Powers, Steve Gregory, Charles Olson, Brad Wolten, Maria Meza, Brenden Hegarty, Holly Boersema, Amanda Tucker, Jack Pace
Supporters:
Sculpture: Autodesk
Interactive Artwork: Google
Vancouver Co-Presenters: Burrard Arts Foundation, City of Vancouver
Vancouver Supporters: Vancouver Convention Centre, The Fairmont Waterfront, Port Metro Vancouver, Tourism Vancouver
Sculpture Materials: Honeywell Spectra®, Yale Cordage
 

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