海洋保护“鱼永远”倡议活动
Protecting Ocean—Fish Forever Initiative
2014-08-06 10:02:37    | keywords: 海洋 
海洋保护“鱼永远”倡议活动
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“鱼永远”全球倡议活动帮助了世界上最脆弱的滨海社区,使其渔业可持续,不仅优化了渔业资源,增强了食品的安全性,同时还提升了当地民众的环保意识。“鱼永远”集合了三方的力量——环境保护基金会、瑞尔保护协会、美国加州大学圣巴巴拉分校可持续渔业组织,不同专业背景的融合诞生了有效的科研结果和解决方案。“鱼永远解决方案”叠加当地社区的力量,共同建造了渔民捕捞专区和鱼群保护区。保护区内的鱼群因免于被捕而复原得很好。倡议活动还借鉴了过往成功的营销技巧来获取社区对于可持续渔业管理的永续支持。

“鱼永远”是世界海洋的希望,也是那些以海洋为生计的人们的希望。三个专业领域的组织共同合作研发的“可扩展鱼永远解决方案”为不同国家地区带来了长效可持续的环保收益。环境保护基金会(EDF)在通过权益为基础的管理系统来转型渔业方面一直走在世界前沿,同时在通过政策变化来保护渔业环境方面拥有大量实践经验。瑞尔保护协会擅于提出环保解决方案并在执行方案中获取社区支持。瑞尔对当地领导进行培训,使其动员社区居民一起采用创新的营销技巧来建立令人骄傲的独特自然资产。美国加州大学圣巴巴拉分校可持续渔业组织贡献了生物经济模型和渔业科学方面的专业技能,为建立具有长期渔业可持续性的捕捞专区提供选址、设计和可持续管理的指南。这一专业技能涵盖了渔业复原和有限渔业分析数据的模型研发。

“鱼永远”的足迹最先遍及伯利兹、巴西、莫桑比克、印度尼西亚和菲律宾,因为这五个国家拥有最为丰富的海洋生物多样性,有许多重要的珊瑚礁生境,同时那里的滨海居民对于渔业的依赖程度很高,不仅从中获得食物,还以此为生计。莫桑比克人对于动物蛋白质的饮食需求大半来自鱼类。他们的渔业极易受到自然灾害和过度捕捞的破坏。“鱼永远”致力于修复并维系小型渔业的发展。菲律宾拥有地球上最丰富的海洋生物资源,虽然25%的世界海洋保护区设在这里,大部分却是空有其名的“纸上公园”。2009年以来,瑞尔与26个滨海城市合作一直致力于提升渔业可持续。印度尼西亚拥有世界上最大的红树林地带,而在过去的50年间这些地带就消失过半了。2010年以来,瑞尔与20个滨海地区合作,建立并巩固了鱼群复原区。伯利兹的珊瑚非常壮观,过度捕捞却危害其生境的健康发展,本土重要经济鱼类的捕获量也急剧下滑。2008年以来,EDF一直致力于修复伯利兹的渔业。巴西有着拉丁美洲最长的海岸线,却是该区域最大的鱼类进口国。80%的巴西渔业处于不可持续的状态,“鱼永远”和政府以及当地非政府组织共同合作致力于渔业的恢复。
 
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Fish Forever is an innovative global initiative that empowers the world's most vulnerable coastal communities to sustainably manage their fisheries and realizes the potential of a comprehensive, locally-led conservation opportunity, where people can simultaneously strengthen local fisheries, increase food security and protect nature. The Fish Forever partnership - between Environmental Defense Fund, Rare and the Sustainable Fisheries Group at the University of California, Santa Barbara -- draws on distinct expertise, proven solutions and acclaimed research. The Fish Forever Approach Work with local communities to create fishing areas that provide fishers with exclusive access. Build community capacity to set up and manage fish recovery zones - protected areas where fish stocks can recover unharmed. Use proven marketing techniques to cultivate lasting community support for sustainable fishery management. 
 
Fish Forever is a story of hope for the world's oceans and those who depend on them Hope for the Oceans: A Scalable Solution Fish Forever brings together three experienced organizations positioned to bring lasting, scalable conservation benefits to multiple communities and countries. All have strong track records of success. Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) is a global leader in transforming fisheries through building and replicating rights--based management systems. EDF also has extensive experience creating the enabling environments for fisheries reform through policy change. Rare specializes in sourcing conservation solutions and building the community capacity and support necessary for adopting and adapting those solutions. Rare trains local leaders to mobilize communities through its signature Pride campaigns, which engage local communities in building pride around unique natural assets with innovative marketing techniques. The Sustainable Fisheries Group at University of California, Santa Barbara, brings expertise in bioeconomic modeling and fisheries science to help guide the siting, design and sustainable management of exclusive access areas for long-term fisheries sustainability. This expertise includes the development of models for fisheries recovery and data--limited fisheries analyses.

The Fish Forever partners are initially working in Belize, Brazil, Mozambique, Indonesia and the Philippines because of each nation's high level of marine biodiversity, important coral reef habitat and the dependence of coastal communities on their fisheries for food and livelihoods. MOZAMBIQUE Half of the animal protein in a Mozambican diet comes from fish. Their fisheries are vulnerable to natural disasters and overfishing. Fish Forever will help restore and sustain small--scale fisheries. PHILIPPINES With perhaps the richest concentration of marine life on the planet, the Philippines claims 25 percent of the world's marine protected areas, but most are still mere "paper parks". Since 2009, Rare has partnered with 26 coastal municipalities to increase effectiveness. INDONESIA The largest tracts of mangroves in the world grow in Indonesia, but over half of these have been lost in the last 50 years. Since 2010, Rare has worked with 20 coastal regions in Indonesia to establish and strengthen fish recovery zones. Belize boasts spectacular corals and but overfishing threatens habitat health and has dramatically decreased catch of key economic species. In 2008, EDF began working to restore Belizean fisheries. BRAZIL Despite having one of the longest coast lines in Latin America, Brazil is the area's largest fish importer. With 80 percent of Brazilian fisheries at unsustainable levels, Fish Forever will work with the government and local NGOs to help fisheries recover.
 
 
 
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