南非开普敦两大洋水族馆
Two Oceans Aquarium in Cape Town South Africa
2014-08-07 11:26:18    | keywords: 开普敦  南非  水族馆 
南非开普敦两大洋水族馆
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两大洋水族馆坐落在非洲大陆的南端,是印度洋和大西洋的交汇处,展现了两大洋多样化的海洋生物,是南非开普敦最受欢迎的景区之一。这里壮观的海底世界生活着3000多种海洋动物,如鲨鱼、无脊椎动物、海龟、企鹅等。
 
诞生于1995年11月的两大洋水族馆起初只是一个不算大也不具有世界水准的水族馆,却十分神奇,展区也很美丽,工作人员和志愿者十分友善、热情和专注。短短几年间,水族馆就为世界知晓,人们都在谈论它,如今已经是开普敦必去的景点。每年,来此参观的游客达40万人次,水族馆的会员也增至12 000人。
 
七大展区
 
两大洋水族馆展现了南非丰富的海洋水生动物,拥有七个展区——印度洋展区、大西洋展区、AfriSam儿童游乐中心、企鹅亲水池、企鹅河湾展区、海洋巨藻展区、I&J肉食动物展区。
“印度洋展区”充满极富活力的热带气息,游客可以与最受欢迎的公子小丑鱼互动,还能观赏到种类丰富的海鳗以及珊瑚展。3米宽的圆柱缸展出了色彩明丽的印度洋鱼。
 
“大西洋展区”里,游客将走近千变万化的海洋生物,与透明柔软的水母面对面地交流。这里还有来自日本的巨型蜘蛛蟹、善于伪装的娇羞章鱼、克尼斯那泻湖特有的神奇海马以及其他色彩斑斓的物种。展区不断推陈出新,游客总能发现惊喜。亲水池的志愿者和高科技显微镜是展区的一大亮点,游客能从中获得帮助,流连忘返于囊括了海洋信息的短片里。
 
“AfriSam儿童游乐中心”里,游客可以观赏到水上和水下那些憨态可掬的跳岩企鹅。这里总是挤满了精力充沛的孩子,到处都是欢乐的氛围。在鲨鱼、章鱼、企鹅、鳗鱼、海龟、翻车鱼等的手木偶演出中,孩子们发出阵阵笑声。水族馆还鼓励孩子们自己制作鱼类工艺品并带回去和家人分享。
 
“企鹅河湾展区”向游客展现了源自高山的原始河流的历史。展区经过多年的发展,已经成为水族馆最富启发的展区之一。游客在此能够欣赏到牛奶树林、非洲企鹅的培育史、跳岩企鹅以及西开普河流中各种本土和外来的淡水鱼。鸟类观测站为游客提供安静的河畔休憩地。
世界上只有两个水族馆拥有巨藻展区——美国蒙特雷湾水族馆和南非开普敦两大洋水族馆。两大洋水族馆的“海洋巨藻展区”里,各种本土鱼类游弋在三种巨藻间。银色的鱼折射了斑驳的阳光,高高的巨藻在水中晃晃悠悠,游客仿佛走进了迷幻的催眠里。巨藻展区是两大洋的王牌,来过这儿的游客还会再次返回,被静谧的美深深吸引。在这场演出中,带潜水器的高级潜水员也会在其间饲养各种各样的鱼。
 
“I&J肉食动物展区”居住着两大洋水族馆最受欢迎的动物——沙虎鲨。这个两百万升水的展区不仅有牙齿凹凸不平的巨鲨,还有南非海岸的肉食鱼类以及大西洋蠵龟。有资质的带潜水器的潜水员会潜入水中与这些大型动物近距离接触。
 
教育、环保和科研
 
水族馆有两个设备齐全的探索中心,用于教授手工教学课程。太阳能发电的外服车辆用于运送海洋动物到历来相对落后且资源匮乏的社区学校里。水族馆环保教育中心为初学者(刚入门的青年生物学家和高校补充课程)以及成人和老师们准备了定制课程。每年都有近52 000名学生来参观水族馆。两大洋水族馆持续不断地与世界上其他水族馆共同合作,为工作人员提供交流学习的机会,为那些需要在海事领域实习的国际学生提供帮助。
 
在环保科研领域,水族馆和国际科研机构共同合作,致力于研究海洋翻车鱼,使用卫星技术来追踪水族馆放生后做有标记的野生鲨鱼。同时在桌湾港帮助海狗解开威胁生命的套索,将搁浅在开普敦海滩的海龟放生。
 
可持续性
 
两大洋水族馆是南非西开普仅有的三个获得遗迹环保评级白金认证的物产之一。作为南非领先的环保教育体系,水族馆积极监控和管理其在运营中所产生的能耗、水资源消耗、废物、采买及其对当地社区的影响和支持。
 
水族馆室内餐厅“岸线咖啡馆”是非洲首家获得海洋管理委员会颁发的产销监管链证书的餐厅。
水族馆被当地非政府组织Project 90 x 2030 评为南非六个可再生能源示范基地之一。其所安装的太阳能板和风轮机为水族馆的行政大楼提供部分能源。
 
2011年,为了响应“袋子再思考”的倡议,水族馆总经理发布了水族馆禁止零售塑料袋的规定。这个活动旨在效仿世界各国各城市的做法,号召南非政府颁发禁止塑料袋的法规。水族馆还指派了一名全职活动协调员站在门厅以支持“袋子再思考”的倡议。

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The southern tip of the African continent is the meeting place of two mighty and bountiful oceans, the Indian and the Atlantic. The Two Oceans Aquarium on the V&A Waterfront, Cape Town, South Africa is ideally positioned to showcase the incredible diversity of marine life found in these two oceans. The Aquarium is one of the top tourist attractions in Cape Town and over 3000 living sea animals, including sharks, fishes, invertebrates, turtles and penguins can be seen in this spectacular underwater world.
 
The Two Oceans Aquarium opened in November 1995 and, whilst it is neither big nor massively impressive by world standards, its ambience is magical, its exhibits are beautiful and its staff and volunteers are friendly, enthusiastic and dedicated. Within a few years of opening, people around the globe were talking about the Aquarium and it became a “must-see” destination in Cape Town. The Two Oceans Aquarium is visited by approximately 400,000 visitors annually and has an active membership programme with approximately 12,000 annual members. 
 
Seven Galleries
 
The Two Oceans Aquarium presents South Africa’s rich ocean and aquatic life in seven galleries, which include the Indian Ocean Gallery; the Atlantic Ocean Gallery; the AfriSam Children’s Play Centre and Penguin Pool; the Penguin and River Meander Exhibit; the Ocean Basket Kelp Forest Exhibit; and the I&J Predator Exhibit. 
 
The Indian Ocean Gallery features vibrant tropical beauties from the warm Indian Ocean. Exhibits include the very popular interactive Western clownfish (alias Nemo) exhibit, a variety of moray eels and a coral exhibit. This gallery also features a 3m-wide cylindrical exhibit showcasing the dazzling colours of Indian Ocean fish.
 
The Atlantic Ocean Gallery introduces visitors to a kaleidoscope of marine life. It is here that they come face to face with translucent, fragile jellies; alien-like giant spider crabs from Japan; the shy octopus, a master of camouflage; the quirky Knysna seahorse which is endemic to the Knysna lagoon, and many other colourful and varied life forms. The exhibits in this gallery are perpetually changing so there is always something new to discover. Volunteers at the Touch Pool and the Hi Tec Microscope Exhibit play a vital role in the Gallery, providing visitors with fascinating snippets of ocean information, substantially enhancing the quality of their visit. 
 
In the AfriSam Children’s Play Centre visitors are able to see the antics of rockhopper penguins from above and below water. The Play Centre is always buzzing with the excitement and energy of children. Their gleeful laughter filters through other areas of the Aquarium as they are entertained and informed through puppet shows featuring delightful shark, octopus, penguin, eel, turtle and sunfish hand puppets. Children are also encouraged to create fishy artworks to take home to their families. 
 
The Penguin and River Meander Exhibit - This exhibit traces the journey of a pristine river from its mouth back to its origin as a stream high up in the mountains. Over the years this exhibit has matured into one of the Aquarium’s most inspiring exhibits and boasts a milkwood forest; a breeding colony of African penguins; rockhopper penguins and a wide selection of freshwater fishes, both indigenous and alien, to Western Cape rivers. The bird hide offers people a place to sit and relax in this peaceful riverine environment. 
 
The Ocean Basket Kelp Forest Exhibit - Kelp forests are displayed in only two aquariums in the world - Monterey Bay Aquarium and the Two Oceans Aquarium. In the Two Oceans Aquarium three species of giant kelp provide shelter for an array of local fishes, which drift amongst the kelp fronds. Visitors are mesmerised by the gentle hypnotic sway of the tall kelp plants and the play of dappled sunlight on silver fishes. Central to the ‘two oceans’ theme, this enchanting forest remains one of their biggest draw cards, and many visitors return time and time again to its beauty and tranquillity. Advanced scuba divers can feed the multitude of fish in this display. 
 
Without a doubt, the most popular animals in the Two Oceans Aquarium are the large ragged-tooth sharks (sand tigers), housed in the I&J Predator Exhibit. This two million-litre exhibit also showcases an impressive collection of predatory fish from the South African coast as well as a loggerhead turtle. Qualified scuba divers can take the plunge and get close up to these magnificent animals.
 
Education, Conservation & Research
 
The Aquarium has two fully equipped discovery centres that are used during hands-on educational learning experiences. An outreach vehicle with solar powered life support systems, transports marine animals to under-resourced schools in historically disadvantaged communities. The Aquarium’s Environmental Education Centre also presents targeted and curriculum-based courses for learners (Young and Junior Biologist and high school revision programmes) as well as adults and teachers. Approximately 52,000 school children visit the Aquarium on an annual basis. The Two Oceans Aquarium is increasingly collaborating with aquariums worldwide with regards to exchange programmes of staff and animals and is a sought-after facility by international students needing to complete internships in the marine related field.
 
In the field of conservation and research, the Aquarium collaborates with international research on ocean sunfish, uses satellite technology to track wild and Aquarium-released ragged-tooth sharks, is actively involved in the removing life-threatening nooses from the Cape fur seals in the Table Bay Harbour and rehabilitates and releases sea turtles that are stranded on Cape Town beaches. 
 
Sustainability
 
The Two Oceans Aquarium is one of only three properties in the Western Cape of South Africa to hold Platinum status in the Heritage Environmental Rating Programme. As a leading conservation and education facility in South Africa and internationally, the Aquarium actively monitors and manages its operations including energy and water consumption, waste management, procurement and its impact on and support of local communities.
 
The Aquarium’s in-house restaurant, Shoreline Café, was the first restaurant in Africa to be awarded Chain-of-Custody certification from the Marine Stewardship Council. 
 
The Aquarium was selected by a local non-governmental organisation Project 90 x 2030 as one of six renewable energy demonstration sites in South Africa and has since installed solar panels and a wind turbine which provides some of the energy for the Aquarium’s administration block.
 
In 2011 the Managing Director of the Aquarium banned the single use retail plastic bag from the Aquarium premises. This is in support of the Rethink the Bag campaign which calls on the South African government to ban plastic bags as has been done in many countries and cities across the world. The Aquarium has appointed a full-time campaign co-ordinator to lobby support for the Rethink the Bag campaign. 
 
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