美国长滩太平洋水族馆
The Aquarium of the Pacific
2014-08-07 12:02:00    | keywords: 长滩  太平洋  水族馆 
美国长滩太平洋水族馆
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太平洋水族馆坐落在美国加州长滩,从1998年开馆以来一直秉持这样的使命:向人们展现太平洋的生物和生态系统,给人们灌输对海洋的尊重和保护的理念。水族馆的愿景:创造一个致力于通过构建社交体系(人与人之间的互动)来保护和营造自然体系(自然和服务自然)的水族馆。
 
来水族馆参观的游客来自不同的文化背景。作为美国最受欢迎的第四大水族馆,太平洋水族馆以五十多个展览的形式向人们展现了11 000多只动物。这些展览极棒地呈现了太平洋的生物多样性。
 
聚焦展区
 
游客途径隧道将欣赏到热带水域的景色,之后将到达充满惊喜的“太平洋热带展区”,这儿居住着世界上最致命的蛇,倏地一下游过水面,而海龟则慢悠悠地划过隧道上方。“热带珊瑚礁生境”向人们展现了五彩斑斓的鱼类和珊瑚。浅水里缓慢游动的草海龙成功地躲过了它的捕食者。叶海龙有着动物王国里最为复杂的身躯,附肢像叶子一样。
 
“北太平洋展区”里,游客将看到罕见的在水中游泳的鸟、起落的水母以及世界上最聪明的无脊椎动物——太平洋巨章。海葵、海参、海星的平滑肌理被游客温柔地触摸后,它们就紧紧地抱住岩石。巨型日本蜘蛛蟹显得十分怪异:细长的外骨骼手臂从躯干延伸出来,俨然一只蜘蛛的样子。这个展区最受欢迎的要属海獭。游客可以近距离观看这些在水中互相嬉戏的海獭,它们表演着各种杂耍动作。
 
“鲨鱼泻湖”是水族馆最受欢迎的展区之一,游客在此能轻触150多条鲨鱼,甚至是年龄最小的孩子都能参与到这个日常的互动中。“鲨鱼泻湖”于2002年开放,是全美首个规模齐全的鲨鱼抚摸展区。游客将手伸入水中用手指轻轻触碰鲨鱼的身体,通过这样的亲身经历,游客将知道鲨鱼并不总是像电视上所演绎得那样是邪恶的食人鱼。亲水塘附近,游客会发现更大的鲨鱼,如沙虎鲨、黑鳍鲨。
 
水族馆最有趣的参观项目之一就是鲨鱼卵橱窗展区。水族馆的生物学家从鲨鱼保育区取出鲨鱼受精卵,以娴熟地技法小心翼翼地切除一部分卵外壳,用塑料将这一窗口挡住,游客得以从外部窥见卵壳内小鲨鱼胚胎的成长景象。随着发育和颤动,小鲨鱼最终孵化出来并安全地受到水族馆动物饲养员的悉心照料。
 
在游客经过隧道来到末端的“南加州展区”的时候,便能看到天性热爱嬉戏的海豹和海狮。在安静的氛围中,海狮会尾随游客走进隧道,甚至会停下来与过路的游客眼瞪眼。当海狮在展区里滑动地时候,海豹会从水里伸出脑袋。水族馆的海豹不仅成群结队,还携家带口。大家深爱的斑海豹特洛伊和谢尔比孕育了小海豹托比,水中游过的一家三口正享受欢乐的亲子时光。
 
提及企鹅,大家都会想到是在南极生活的物种。南美温带气候下的本土麦哲伦企鹅十分适应长滩的环境。小企鹅们来到“琼凯斯企鹅生境”与其他企鹅和睦相处。这两只企鹅似乎形影不离,一同跳入水中,一同沐浴温暖的加州阳光。这样的行为像极了人类。两只企鹅像是亲密无间的兄弟有时也很淘气。
 
变化展区的“深海奇遇”是“探索海洋”项目的一部分,游客在此能亲眼见到生活在漆黑海底的生物。鲸落展区呈现了海洋从来不生产废物的景象。深海等足目很像超大尺寸的昆虫,珍珠鹦鹉螺也展现了它们运动的景象。这儿甚至有水母亲水池,游客以触碰的方式真实地感受海月水母。罕见的灯眼鱼将展现发强光的表演。
 
水族馆工作人员和志愿者
 
照顾11 000多只海洋动物是个令人生畏的任务。水族馆拥有一个专注的运营团队。动物饲养员监控着动物的健康状态并细心照料它们。负责生命支持和配套设备的工作人员支撑着整个水族馆在机械和电力方面的供给。
 
水族馆最大的优势之一是拥有一个志愿者团队。如果没有这些志愿者,水族馆将不能向公众呈现多样化的项目,展区也不能保持得如此干净。水族馆志愿者的工作范围非常广。每年,1 500名志愿者和实习生向水族馆贡献了150 000小时的服务时间。
 
教育和环保
 
教育部门为不同年龄段的人群提供不同的项目,比如为家长和婴孩而设的周末课程以及为成年人而设的远程教程。潜水课中,开放水域资格认证的初级潜水员可以潜入最大的展区,与动物亲密接触。水族馆的每日“幕后巡展”和周末“动物面对面项目”带领游客走进水族馆内部工作领域,进而了解水族馆是如何照料这些不同种类的动物。
 
非营利性水族馆和超过15个组织共同合作,旨在拓展水族馆的使命和愿景。从可持续海鲜到滨海清洁再到与其他项目的合作,水族馆致力于使这个人类和动物共存的世界更加美好。水族馆拥有最先进的配套设施,总能为公众提供新项目,如嘉宾演讲的网络直播、课程教授、美国国家海洋和大气管理局科学馆。科学馆是一个半径6英尺(约1.8米)的球状馆,可以近乎实时观测天气、地震和地球上的各种现象。从工作人员到项目,从动物到结构,所有这些都推动着水族馆走在实现环保教育目标的道路上。
 
野外救援
 
水族馆的工作不仅局限于馆内,还延伸至湛蓝的深海里。一旦有需要,水族馆就会响应政府部门的预警,负责救援和照料海洋动物并帮助它们恢复健康回到自己的家园。
 
搁浅在洛杉矶威尼斯海滩的一只丽龟处于脱水和营养不良的状态,面临着浮力的困扰。当地市民通知政府后,政府把海龟送到了水族馆救治。海龟在水族馆兽医团队、动物饲养员、生物学家和志愿者的照料下渐渐康复。太平洋水族馆还为被救治的海獭提供家园。水族馆里所有的海獭都是被视为不能放生的,一旦放生它们将无法自行生存。水族馆还和其他机构合作致力于增加加州海獭的数量。

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Located right on the shores of Long Beach, the Aquarium of the Pacific opened its doors in 1998 and has been dedicated to a single mission: to instill a sense of wonder, respect, and stewardship for the Pacific Ocean, its inhabitants, and ecosystems. Its vision is to create an aquarium dedicated to conserving and building natural capital (nature and nature’s services) by building social capital (the interactions between and among peoples). 
 
Aquarium visitors come from nearly every cultural background. The fourth-most-attended aquarium in the United States, the Aquarium of the Pacific is home to over 11,000 animals in more than fifty exhibits. These exhibits best exemplify the diversity of the Pacific Ocean.
 
Gallery Highlights
From a tunnel that immerses you into the middle of the tropical waters, to an exhibit that houses one of the deadliest snakes in the world, the Tropical Pacific Gallery is an area filled with surprises. The rays ‘fly’ through the water, and the gentle sea turtle paddles over the tunnel. Nearly every color can be seen in the Tropical Reef Habitat, from the fish to the corals. The slow-moving weedy sea dragon propels itself through shallow waters, hidden from its predators. The leafy sea dragon has one of the most intricate bodies in the animal kingdom. The appendages appear to be leaves. 
 
Northern Pacific Gallery - The Aquarium takes its guests to a rarely seen world of birds that swim, undulating jellyfish, and one of the smartest invertebrates in the world: the giant Pacific octopus. Anemones, sea cucumbers, and sea stars hug the rocks as guests gently touch their smooth-textured bodies. The presence of giant Japanese spider crabs is eerie as their long, thin exoskeleton arms extend from their bodies like a spider. The most popular part are sea otters. Guests get an up-close look at these creatures. They continually swim, performing acrobatics and often playing around with each other. 
 
Shark Lagoon is one of the most popular exhibits at the Aquarium, where guests can reach in and touch more than 150 sharks. It is a daily activity that even the smallest child can participate in. When it opened in 2002, Shark Lagoon was the first-full scale shark petting exhibit in the nation. Watching guests dip their hands in the water to glide their fingers over the body of a shark teaches them firsthand that these creatures are not the vicious man-eaters they are portrayed as on television. Adjacent to the touch tank are bigger sharks, like the sand tiger shark and black-tip reef sharks.
 
One of the most interesting projects to see at the Aquarium is shark egg windowing. The Aquarium’s biologists take a fertilized shark egg from its shark nursery and with steady hands and skill carefully cut a part of the exterior egg shell. They then place a plastic window to fill the area. The result is a rare glimpse inside the egg shell to see the growing embryo of a small shark. Slowly developing and often twitching, they eventually hatch and are safely placed under the care of the Aquarium’s animal husbandry staff. 
 
Seals and sea lions love to play around. Their playful nature is evident as guests pass through the tunnel toward the end of the Southern California exhibit. On quiet days some of the sea lions follow the guests through the tunnel, even stopping to stare eye to eye with guests passing through. As the sea lions glide around the exhibit, the seals are poking their heads out of the water. At the Aquarium, it is not just a group of seals, but a family of seals. The beloved harbor seals gave birth to a healthy pup named Toby. Toby has been enjoying swimming alongside parents Troy and Shelby. 
 
While some think of the Antarctic-dwelling species when they think of penguins, native to the temperate climates of South America, Magellanic Penguins live comfortably in Long Beach. Since their introduction to the June Keyes Penguin Habitat, the chicks have been spending the day amongst other penguins. The two chicks seem to never leave each other’s side. They dart through the water together and bask under the warm California sun together. Their behavior is remarkably human. Like two close siblings the penguin chicks can be mischievous.
 
As part of the Ocean Exploration program, Wonders of the Deep in the changing exhibit gallery provides guests with a firsthand look at creatures that spend their lives in total darkness. The whale fall exhibit displays how nothing goes to waste in the ocean. The deep-sea isopods resemble over-sized insects, while the chambered nautiluses demonstrate their movements. There is even a sea jelly touch tank where you can actually touch moon jellies. Lastly, rarely seen flashlight fish put on a display of bright light. 
 
The Aquarium Staff & Volunteers
 
Taking care of over 11,000 marine animals is a daunting task. It takes a group of dedicated personnel to keep the Aquarium running. The animal husbandry staff monitors and cares for the health of the animals, while life support and facilities staff members sustain the equipment and facilities that run the mechanical and electrical parts of the Aquarium. 
 
One of the greatest advantages the Aquarium has is a legion of volunteers. Without  volunteers, the Aquarium would simply not be able to provide the diversity of programs and keep exhibits impeccably clean. The scope of work the Aquarium’s volunteers have completed is massive. The Aquarium has 1,500 volunteers and interns providing 150,000 hours of service to the institution annually.
 
Education & Conservation
 
The education department continually runs programs for all ages. Programs are available from weekend classes for parents and toddlers to continuing education courses for adults. There is even the Dive Immersion program where open-water certified SCUBA divers can dive in the largest exhibit with the animals. The Aquarium offers daily Behind-the-Scenes Tours and weekend Animal Encounter Programs, which take visitors behind the scenes to explore the inner-workings of the Aquarium. One of the things you learn on the Behind-the-Scenes Tour is how the Aquarium cares for its various animals. 
 
The nonprofit Aquarium partners with more than fifteen organizations all aimed to further its mission and vision. From sustainable seafood to coastal clean-ups, and in conjunction with other programs, the Aquarium is dedicated to make this world a better place for humans and animals alike. State-of-the-art facilities have allowed the Aquarium to exhibit new programs for the public from live webcasts of its Guest Speaker Series and education programs to its NOAA Science on a Sphere™ - a six-foot diameter globe where weather, earthquakes, and other phenomenon happening around the globe can be seen in near real-time . Everything is part of a larger puzzle, from the staff to programs, the animals to structures, to fulfill the Aquarium’s education conservation goals. 
 
Wild Rescue
 
The work is not confined to the Aquarium grounds. The Aquarium has programs that stretch beyond into the deep ocean blue. When there are animals in need, the Aquarium is often alerted by the government agency in charge of marine life and asked to help with rehabilitation efforts to give them care and nurse the animals back to health so that they can return to their home. 
 
Stranded on Venice Beach in the coastal regions of Los Angeles County, an olive Ridley sea turtle had washed ashore dehydrated, malnourished, and having buoyancy issues. Local citizens alerted the authorities, and those authorities brought the turtle to the Aquarium for aid. The sea turtle was cared for and rehabilitated by the Aquarium’s veterinary team, animal husbandry biologists, and volunteers. The Aquarium of the Pacific also provides a home for rescued sea otters. All of the Aquarium’s otters were deemed non-releasable, which means they could not be reintroduced into the wild since they could not survive on their own. Partnering with other facilities has given the Aquarium the opportunity to help the delicate sea otter population in California.


Via Adrian Samora, Aquarium of the Pacific  译:90degree
 
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