巴西工业城市的生态治理
Brazilian Industry
2014-09-15 14:28:45    | keywords: 巴西  生态  工业 
巴西工业城市的生态治理
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Courtesy of World Architecture Community 感谢WA的投稿,90degree编译,本文未经许可,不得转载,如需转载请发邮件至editor@90dg.cn

巴西亚马逊州首府马瑙斯,是一座典型的工业城市,由于该市一贯积极鼓励全球性资本的注入,工业及贸易业相对发达,因此城市发展既不依赖也不重视天然的森林资源环境。马瑙斯位于多条重要河流的交汇处,但由于该地区过度的工业发展,加之水资源缺乏相应的系统管理,绝大部分河流都遭受了不同程度的污染。
 
马瑙斯相关市政管理部门正在试图施行一项名为PROSAMIN的城市水环境治理计划,将那些受到严重污染的河流改造成运河,或者直接抽掉河流污水,不寄希望于任何人改善河流污染的现状。
 
基于PROSAMIN水治理计划的实施,该项目以经过成功运河改造和相关治理的河流之一为起点,向其它河流输送干净水源。当然,这只是一种尚处于萌芽阶段的河流治理机制,有待进一步完善后向整个城市区域推广。
 
与此同时,相关市政部门还培植了大规模的人工地被,据了解,这些人工地被具备旺盛的自我生存与修复能力,无需精心养护,属低维护地被。这些地被的培植可完全满足城市公共绿化覆盖需求。这种全新的公共绿地形式可有效净化城市河流水源,进而通过利用亚马逊天然湿地的相应生物净化过程,对城市周边的生态系统进行合理重建。
 
如此一来,整座城市就变身成为一个大型的净化工厂,净化作业渗透到城市的方方面面:建筑、工程、景观等等,城市发展不再进行肆意的土地开采,而开始注重土地资源的合理利用,并对亚马逊地区丰富的天然丛林资源进行科学、合理地规划与利用,使之为城市生态系统的平衡发展发挥应有的作用。
 
Manaus, the capital city of the Amazonia region, is a factory-city which has been able to be itself without the dependence on the selvatic environment due to the dominant power of the global capital. The city is situated over an important amount of rivers from which more than a dozen are contaminated by the high amount of industries in the region and the lack of a proper sanitary system.
The city is trying to implement a sanitation plan (PROSAMIN) which canalizes those rivers or it simply eliminates them without taking into account who variable this fragile territory is.
 
This project is based on a germ mechanism which may expand to all the urbanized area, starting by one of the rivers that have been already modified by PROSAMIN to continue draining the rest of the rivers one by one.
 
An artificial ground is created. And this ground is pretended to replace the healthcare industry taking the advantage of being self sufficient as regards the energetic point of view, together with the fact of being one hundred percent of public use. This new piece of land cleanses the city rivers and rebuilds the surrounding ecosystems using the biological processes that are owned by the Amazonian wetlands.
 
In this way this land becomes a cleanup factory, a fusion between architecture, engineering and landscapes, where the important point is not based on the built mass but on the manipulative capacity of the land to get to an equilibrium trying to use the raw material found in the Amazonian areas: the jungle.

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