2014北京国际设计周:巴塞罗那北京制造——协作式开放结构/IAAC
Beijing Design Week 2014: BB Make - A Collaborative and Open Structure by IAAC
2015-03-09 10:39:16    | keywords: 数码  设计  竹梁  高科技 
2014北京国际设计周:巴塞罗那北京制造——协作式开放结构/IAAC
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Courtesy of Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalonia (IAAC). 感谢IAAC的投稿,90degree版权所有,不得转载。
 
 
去年,巴塞罗那有幸成为2014北京国际设计周的主宾城市,在751北京时尚设计广场内一处引人注目的环形艺术区——79罐举办以“巴塞罗那——设计创造未来”为主题的展览活动。由ExitDesign设计的巴塞罗那城市展,获得2014北京国际设计周的最佳展品奖。
 
在如此的活动构成中,展览策展机构拉曼鲁尔研究院邀请了巴塞罗那多家建筑与设计院校制定装置实施方案,并最终选定IAAC的“巴塞罗那北京制造(BB Make)”方案,该方案提出者为Areti Markopoulou及Mathilde Marengo。
 
巴塞罗那北京制造 
由IAAC联合中国中央美术学院制定的“巴塞罗那北京制造”方案,通过参与式协作结构的建造,探索了新科技在设计中的应用潜能,从而以先进的技术提高当地材料的性能。该结构由当地常见的建筑材料竹梁构成,采用数码组装对接,尤其是由3D打印技术对接以及计算机数控铣床对接,进行现场制作,以便定制式对接的顺利完成,从而解决天然竹材的不规则性问题,并最终使该结构装置得以根据各种竹材添加方式的变化而不断演变。
 
开放式合作型设计
相关对接的细节设计阶段是通过研讨会的形式完成的,研讨会由IAAC的数字制造与计算专业教员Alexandre Dubor和Rodrigo Aguirre两人于设计周开幕前的一周内在中国美术学院主持举办,共有15名当地学生参加,使当地学生有机会了解数字制造技术及所需的新型制作软件。3D打印技术及计算机数控铣床的应用使一系列的对接设计更为精密,这些设计最终整合于一体,形成单一的基础型对接结构。压合对接的开发便于定制式对接的形成,克服了竹梁所存在的较大不规则性问题,且有40毫米至60毫米不等的尺寸可供选择。通过原设计的定制,22种规格不一的对接设计得以形成并用于最终结构的制作。
 
协同制作
在设计周期间,“巴塞罗那北京制造”结构装置通过当地游客及中央美术学院学生的参与及合作建造完成。该结构装置包括一个由竹梁构成的主结构以及22个在79罐现场制作的定制式对接。此外,为了方便游客进一步赋予该结构装置个性,充分利用数字制造技术的优势并最终使结构装置独具特色,设计团队还利用劈开的竹梁打造出一个次级结构,并通过简化接头将其连接到主结构上,使游客得以借助计算机数控铣床留下个人讯息。
 
“巴塞罗那北京制造”装置体现了知识与文化交流的物理实现可能,而这要归功于当地材料的使用和各方人员的参与,以及IAAC研发的先进制造技术。为方便游客在设计周期间使用此类数字制造技术,IAAC在79罐内打造了一个“弹出式”制造实验室,使用户能够轻松使用3D打印机及计算机数控铣床。
 
该结构的合作式制作使建筑与设计领域的学生和专家以及普通大众在训练有素的专业人员帮助下,均能有机会了解新型数字制造技术并通过这些技术实现自己的设计,最终在2014北京国际设计周期间完成了“巴塞罗那北京制造”结构装置的搭建。
 
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This year Barcelona had the honor of being the guest city for the Beijing Design Week 2014, implementing the"Barcelona, a future inspired by design"exhibition in the 79-Tank, an impressive circular precinct in district 751. The Barcelona City Exhibition, designed by ExitDesign, won the prize for Best Exhibition of BJDW2014.
 
In this framework, the Institut Ramon Llull, content curators of the exhibition, invited architecture and design schools of Barcelona to develop a proposal for the realization of an installation, finally selecting the Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalonia's (IAAC) BB Make proposal, presented by Areti Markopoulou and Mathilde Marengo.
 
BB Make – Barcelona Beijing Make
The BB Make proposal, developed by IAAC, in collaboration with the China Central Academy of Fine Arts, explored the potentials of new technologies applied to design, through the generation of a participative collaborative structure, enhancing local materials with advanced technologies. The structure consisted in bamboo beams, a well known local construction material, held together with digitally fabricated joints, in particular 3D printed joints and CNC milled joints, fabricated onsite, allowing the joints to be easily customized, so as to deal with the irregularity of the natural bamboo material, and finally allowing the structure to grow based on a diversity of inputs.
 
Open and Participative Design
The design phase of the joints was developed through a workshop, run onsite by IAAC digital fabrication and computation faculty Alexandre Dubor and Rodrigo Aguirre, during the week prior to the Design Week. The Workshop was held at the Chinese Academy of Fine Arts with 15 local students, giving the local students the opportunity to be introduced to digital fabrication techniques, as well as new software necessary for this implementation. Through the application of 3D printing and CNC milling a series of joints designed were elaborated. These designs were then combined and integrated to finally develop one single base joint typology. A press fit joint was developed, allowing easy customization and allowing to overcome the great irregularity in the bamboo beams, differing in size from 40mm to 60mm. For the final structure, 22 different joints were fabricated through the customization of the original design.
 
Collaborative Making
During the Design Week, the BB Make structure was constructed thanks to the participation and collaboration of the local visitors, and the CAFA students. The structure was composed of a primary structure, implemented with bamboo beams, and held together with the 22 customized joints fabricated onsite in the 79 Tank. On top of this, in the interest of allowing the local visitors to further personalize the structure, hence fully taking advantage of the perks of digital fabrication, and finally making the structure"theirs", a secondary structure was implemented using split bamboo beams, where the visitors could CNC mill a personal message, and connect this to the primary structure through simplified joints.
 
The BB Make installation finally represented the physical implementation of an exchange of knowledge, as well as culture, thanks to the combination of local materials and participation, with technologically advanced fabrication techniques, one of the fields of investigation developed in IAAC. Towards facilitating the access of these digital fabrication techniques during the Design Week, IAAC generated a"popup"Fab Lab inside the 79 Tank, among which the user could access and use 3D printers and a CNC milling machine.
 
The collaborative implementation of the structure allowed people, from students and professionals of the fields of architecture and design, to the general public, to have the opportunity to be introduced to new digital fabrication techniques, with the support of trained professional, as well as having the opportunity of actually realizing their designs through these techniques, and finally constructing the BB Make structure throughout the duration of the BJDW2014.
 
 
项目信息:
项目团队:Areti Markopoulou、Mathilde Marengo、Alexandre Dubor、Rodrigo Aguirre、Maria Kuptsova
项目合作:中国中央美术学院(北京)
协办单位:拉曼鲁尔研究院、ExitDesign
摄影师:Rodrigo Aguirre
 
Project Credits:
IAAC Team: Areti Markopoulou, Mathilde Marengo, Alexandre Dubor, Rodrigo Aguirre, Maria Kuptsova
IAAC Local Collaborator: China Central Academy of Fine Arts (CAFA, Beijing)
Supported by: Istitut Ramon Llull with ExitDesign
Photos by: Rodrigo Aguirre
 

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