纽约猎人角南滨公园
Hunter’s Point South Waterfront Park
2014-09-22 09:33:08    | keywords: 长岛  纽约  猎人  滨水  公园 
纽约猎人角南滨公园
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Courtesy of Thomas Balsley Associates. 90degree版权所有,不得转载。

项目综述
 
纽约长岛猎人角南滨公园于2013年8月竣工,并正式投入使用。该项目是纽约市长岛东河河滨区域较大规模系列总体规划工程的一期项目,系列规划包括对一处占地30英亩(约12公顷)的后工业化滨水区的改造工程,此外,还兴建了自20世纪70年代以来纽约市最大的经济适用住房建设项目。猎人角南部区域三面环水,是城市生态发展全新模式的理想性示范区,也是可持续发展创新设计的实践地。该项目的公园及公共空间由托马斯·贝尔斯利联合设计事务所与韦斯/曼弗雷迪建筑事务所共同设计而成,且由英国奥雅纳工程顾问公司担任该项目的首席顾问,并承担相应的基础设施设计。
 
该项目场地在城市生态发展的进程中扮演着多重角色,它既是城市的滨水区、门户区,也是当地动植物的理想栖息场所,更是一处自然景致迷人的待开发区域。项目场地上的工业遗迹和迷人的滨水景观在设计中得以充分利用,进而建立起一处极具活力的多层次文化娱乐场所。由于同时毗邻一块未来学校建设基地与一处拥有5000户永久性住户的住宅开发项目用地,该项目的建成将有效连接这两处区域及周边住区,使之形成一个较为完整的门户式城市公共基础设施体系,同时也为这些城市区域创建一系列全新的娱乐性开放空间。项目的综合性规划设计将基础设施建设、景观设计以及建筑设计这三者融于一体,进而将后工业化滨水区改造成为可预测东河汛期及水位上涨情况的全新型功能性生态走廊,猎人角南滨公园也同时转变成为兼具新型文化及生态典范的综合型城市滨水公共空间。
 
项目特点
 
可持续性滨水区
项目场地曾经是成片湿地,然而,随着时间的推移和工业化进程的加剧,这里逐渐变成了垃圾填埋场,原先丰饶富足的湿地滨水景致却成为破败荒废的滩涂码头。基于这些场地历史背景,全新的滨水区设计结合了许多绿色环保元素及举措,将这处早已废弃却坐拥重要地理位置的滨水区改造成新型城市生态示范区。经改造后全新滨水公园,其实质就是一个科技化生态系统,该系统可最大限度减少非可再生能耗,并对水资源施行相关保护和节约措施,同时优化已有的可维护性及可操作性相关措施,并为周边社区及整个城市建立一个健康且具活力的滨水环境。
 
高地街区环境
为了更好地将地势较低的公园区嵌入到地势较高处的全新城市规划区中,设计师们精心构思出一个建设系列智能化街区、生态草沟以及新社区自行车道的可持续性方案。设于公园边缘地带的生态草沟,可对高地处的中央大道及智能化街区的雨水进行有效过滤。每条高地街道都拥有观赏公园和曼哈顿天际美景的理想视角,且在公园的主入口处都配备有相应的人行道座椅设施。
 
多功能椭圆绿地
多功能椭圆绿地构成了公园中最为开阔的中心区域,并为东河对岸的曼哈顿繁荣景象提供了直观的视觉引导。这一椭圆绿地形成公园的南北分界,南北沿边各有一条曲度成弧状的道路设施,北边是一条绵长的林荫步道,而南边是带有褶皱式钢筋顶棚的遮荫廊道,为滨水渡口处提供了一处良好的荫蔽之所。
 
漫步小径
在项目场地的最南面,公园绿地沿边的漫步小径一直延伸至一处高达30英尺(约9米),且造型雅致的悬臂式眺望台,曼哈顿天际美景与东河景观在此一览无余,将喧嚣的城市与全新的湿地滨水空间和谐地融于一体。从中央漫步道视角看去,原先的混凝土区域已在策略性设计中,被全新湿地和连接于城市主街区和公园规划区的若干漫步小径所替代。这一步道系统一直延伸至滨水码头区,形成边缘绿化基础设施的一部分,同时为当地民众营造出一处景致惬意的地标性滨水休闲漫步区。
 
遮荫长廊
喧闹的城市区域与宁静的滨水空间通过一座综合型遮荫长廊式构筑物的连接,实现了和谐过渡。由于遮荫长廊的这一构筑位置优势,它激活了整个滨水公园的各类动态及静态娱乐用途,且为到达公园进而进入园中各活动区域提供了明确的视觉指向。遮荫长廊式构筑物由公园运营维护设施区和公共休闲区这两个功能区块组成,其中包括:公共厕所、公园工作人员办公楼以及挑高式咖啡馆广场,这些设施都由长廊上方的褶皱绵延式遮荫顶棚连于一体。长廊的尽头是架高式轮渡码头,可远眺曼哈顿天际景致及东河廊道全景。
 
褶皱式遮荫顶棚结构不仅唤起了当地民众对猎人角码头海运历史的记忆,同时它还具有雨水收集与太阳能发电功能,并使之达到最佳优化效果。在钢质褶皱顶板的南面安装有64个太阳能光伏板,年发电量达37 000千瓦时,可为50%以上的公园区域提供充足的电力资源。而实质上,这一特别的顶棚设计还拥有更多的光伏板安装空间,以便于将来为整个公园区域实施供电。此外,褶皱顶板还可有效收集雨水以灌溉毗邻的生态草沟。富有质感的拉丝金属顶棚外沿悬于邻近的草坪区边缘地带上方,在绿地与主体公园景观的映衬中,更具活力。
 
城市沙滩
在遮荫长廊和公园步道的围合中,一处充满着休闲氛围的城市沙滩为人们提供了日光浴、野餐、打沙滩排球的理想活动场地。在这里,游人们可以尽情地赤脚踏沙,嬉戏玩闹间还可欣赏到曼哈顿天际处独特的滨水落日景观。
 
生趣铁轨花园
位于城市宠物走道与公园游乐区之间的51大街街口处,生趣盎然的铁轨花园中,各色本土草本植物沿废弃铁轨两旁种植着。纵横交错的漫步小径蜿蜒至小型中央广场,与水景喷泉共同勾勒出悠闲的都市街边宜景。
 
城市宠物走道
在21世纪的城市公园中,有一个相对新鲜的道路设施,那就是城市宠物走道。这种新兴道路设施的存在已经验证了其长期的社会可持续发展价值。宠物走道上的特色细水沟,以及木材堆砌而成的公园座椅设施,都让人们不禁回想起早前的贮木场,宠物休憩所则呈现出精致的小亭子造型,如此温馨别致的宠物走道设计,为宠物主人们增添了更多的生活乐趣。
 
公园游乐区
遮荫长廊与草坪区共同围合而成的游乐区成为了公园中家庭式亲子活动的中心场所。东河沿边公园滨河区的这处游乐场所内设施齐全,满足各个年龄层的游乐需求,从篮球设施到成人健身器材再到可供儿童玩耍的草丘、嬉水水道,应有尽有。
 
Project Description
 
Hunter's Point South Waterfront Park is phase one of a larger master plan that encompasses the transformation of 30 acres of post-industrial waterfront on the East River in Long island City and includes the largest affordable housing building project in New York City since the 1970's. Surrounded by water on three sides, Hunter's Point South is a new model of urban ecology and a laboratory for innovative sustainable design. The park and open space is a design collaboration between Thomas Balsley Associates and WEISS/MANFREDI with ARUP as the prime consultant and infrastructure designer.
 
The site is waterfront and city, gateway and sanctuary, blank slate and pentimento. Design leverages the site's industrial heritage and spectacular views to establish a resilient, multi-layered recreational and cultural destination. Adjacent to a future school and an emerging residential development of 5,000 permanently affordable units, the park will provide a public front door and new open spaces for recreation that connect to the surrounding communities. The integrated design weaves together infrastructure, landscape, and architecture to transform a post-industrial waterfront site into new ecological corridors that anticipate the inevitable patterns of flooding and rising water levels along the East River, transforming Hunter's Point South into both a new cultural and ecological paradigm.
 
Major Features
 
A Sustainable Waterfront
Hunter's Point South Waterfront Park has evolved from a marshy wetland to a drained landfill site and from a soft shoreline to an armored water's edge. The design incorporates numerous green initiatives, transforming a critically located but abandoned waterfront into a new urban ecological paradigm. The essence of the park is a technological and ecological system implemented to minimize non-renewable power consumption, protect and conserve water, optimize maintenance and operational practices, and create a healthy and productive environment for the community and the city.
 
Upland Context
Embedded in the new urban plan is a carefully conceived sustainable approach to the smart streets, bio-swales, and bikeways of the new community at Hunter's Point South. Placed along the park's edge, a bio-swale filters stormwater from the Center Blvd. and the upland smart streets. Each upland street enjoys the park and skyline views and terminates on park vestibule entrances that have been outfitted with banquette seating.
 
Green Oval
A new multi-use green oval defines the most generously open part of the site and offers views directly across the river to Manhattan. This green anchors the park's north precinct and is framed by a continuous path and pleated steel shade canopy on the south side which follows the curve of the oval and offers shelter for a water ferry stop and concession building.
 
Pathways
The path that surrounds the central green unfurls into a promenade leading to an overlook at the southern terminus of the site. This overlook, a 30 foot high cantilevered platform with views of the Manhattan skyline and the East River, is at once urbane and otherworldly, bringing the city to a precipice suspended over a new wetland water's edge. From the central promenade path, existing concrete bulk-heads are strategically replaced by new wetlands and pathways that link the major precincts and programs of the park. This path system extends to the water's edge and forms part of the “soft” edge infrastructure, while also providing a new landmark and destination that draws the community to the waterfront.
 
Pavilion
The Pavilion is conceived as a continuous structure which connects the city with the water's edge. It is strategically located to support the park's active and passive recreational uses and provides a legible point of arrival and orientation. The Pavilion is divided into two buildings under one continuous canopy. It includes a maintenance and operations facility for the Department of Parks and Recreations, comfort stations, a concession building, and a raised café plaza. The Pavilion culminates at the elevated wood pier, with panoramic views of the Manhattan skyline and the East River corridor.
 
The folded plate shade structure recalls the maritime history of Hunter's Point and is optimized to capture storm water and solar power. Sixty-four photovoltaic panels located on the south face of the steel pleats generate 37,000 kWh per year, powering over 50% of the entire park. The design can accommodate additional panels to power 100% of the park in the future. The folded plates also collect stormwater which nourishes nearby bioswales. A richly textured brushed metal surface drapes across the outer edge of the sweep along the Green sweep, and reflects the activity at the Green and the general landscape.
 
Urban Beach
Framed by the pavilion and park path, an urban beach hosts sunning, picnicking, and beach volleyball along the edge of the promenade. Here, visitors will sink their toes in the sand and take in a unique beach sunset setting over the Manhattan skyline.
 
Interpretive Rail Garden
Framed by the urban dog run and play area at the 51st Avenue vestibule, native grasses envelop freight rails to compose an interpretive rail garden narrative. A cross path weaves through to a small central plaza animated with water jets and the interaction they attract.
 
Urban Dog Run
As a relatively new component of the 21st century urban park, the dog run has proven its long term social sustainability worth. With its distinctive water rill, stacked timber seats that recall an earlier lumberyard and animated shelter which has taken its cues from the pavilion, this dogscape has elevated the fun of dog ownership.
 
Play Area
Resting on a tree shaded shelf above the promenade and surrounded by native grasses, the play area promises to be the center of family activity for the park. Here at the edge of the East River an ensemble of play venues for all ages ranges from basketball and adult fitness to a children's play with lawn mound and water play channel.

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↑ Rendering Image by Thomas Balsley Associates / WEISS/MANFREDI

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↑ Rendering Image by Thomas Balsley Associates / WEISS/MANFREDI

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↑ Rendering Image by Thomas Balsley Associates / WEISS/MANFREDI

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↑ Rendering Image by Thomas Balsley Associates / WEISS/MANFREDI
 
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↑ Image by Albert Vecerka/Esto

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↑ Image by Albert Vecerka/Esto

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↑ Image by Albert Vecerka/Esto

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↑ Image by Albert Vecerka/Esto

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↑ Image by Wade Zimmerman

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↑ Image by Wade Zimmerman

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↑ Image by Wade Zimmerman

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↑ Image by Wade Zimmerman

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↑ Image by Wade Zimmerman

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↑ Image by Wade Zimmerman

 
设计团队简介Company Profile
 
托马斯·贝尔斯利联合设计事务所
Thomas Balsley Associates
托马斯·贝尔斯利联合设计事务所是纽约市一家从事景观设计与城市设计的设计服务企业,其一系列获奖设计作品遍及美国本土及世界各地,主要承接城市公园、广场和滨水区的规划设计业务。将环境可持续发展与城市化景观设计进行革新性融合是该企业最广为人知的主导设计理念。企业的代表性项目,如:切尔西滨水公园、龙门广场公园、纽约滨河公园、达拉斯主街花园、坦帕市科蒂斯·希克森公园,以及巴尔的摩西岸公园,都充分体现了公共空间的革新性设计魅力。事务所近期赢得了首尔麻谷滨水区和上海国际港务集团港口中心这两大项目的国际竞标,此外,还获得由美国景观设计师协会、美国建筑师协会和环境设计研究协会授予的各类奖项与提名。托马斯·贝尔斯利本人也在众多城市设计专业院校和相关学术机构举办设计讲座或授课,其中包括哈佛大学设计学研究院、宾夕法尼亚大学设计学院和国家建筑博物馆。空间缔造者出版社曾为托马斯·贝尔斯利出版过题为《托马斯·贝尔斯利与城市景观》的个人作品专著。
Thomas Balsley Associates is a NYC based landscape architecture and urban design practice with a portfolio of award winning work throughout the United States and abroad with emphasis on urban parks, plazas, and waterfronts. The firm's design philosophy is best known for its innovative fusion of environmental sustainability and landscape urbanism. Projects such as Chelsea Waterside Park, Gantry Plaza Park, and Riverside Park in NY, Dallas' Main Street Garden, Tampa's Curtis Hixon Park, and Baltimore's West Shore Park exemplify the transformative power of public space. The firm has recently won the international competitions for Seoul's Magok Waterfront and Shanghai's SIPG Harbor Center as well as numerous awards and citations from ASLA, AIA, and EDRA. Tom Balsley lectures and teaches extensively at many civic, design, and academic institutions, including Harvard GSD, UPenn School of Design, and the National Building Museum. Spacemaker Press devoted a monograph to his work entitled “Thomas Balsley: The Urban Landscape”. 
 
韦斯/曼弗雷迪建筑/景观/城市设计事务所
Weiss/ Manfredi Architecture/Landscape/Urbanism
韦斯/曼弗雷迪建筑/景观/城市设计事务所是纽约市一家多元化综合性设计事务所,由马里恩·韦斯与迈克尔·曼弗雷迪联合成立,企业以建筑、艺术、基础设施及景观等各方面设计的特色动态化整合而闻名业内外。其代表性项目,包括西雅图艺术博物馆奥林匹克雕塑公园、巴纳德学院戴安娜中心和布鲁克林植物园游客中心,都充分体现了建筑与景观的融合设计对公共空间改造所发挥的潜能作用。该企业近期赢得了西尔万剧院再设计项目的全美竞标,这是坐落于华盛顿特区国家广场华盛顿纪念碑场地内的一座综合型户外露天剧场;此外,他们还赢得了康奈尔大学纽约理工学院新动工的罗斯福岛校区第二座主体建筑协同综合大楼项目的设计建造。在大型的国际性设计竞标中,企业近期也赢得了韩国跆拳道公园、多伦多下顿地块滨河公园以及东非某项目的设计权。维斯/曼弗雷迪事务所还获得过许多业内大奖,其中包括美国艺术与文学学会颁发的建筑学术奖、国际城市设计虚拟现实技术绿色设计奖。他们也是被纽约建筑联盟评为北美建筑设计“新兴之声”的优秀设计企业之一,并获得纽约市美国建筑师协会荣誉金奖。迈克尔·曼弗雷迪本人一直是康奈尔大学建筑学客座教授,而马里恩·韦斯则是宾夕法尼亚大学建筑学专业的讲座教授。
WEISS/MANFREDI Architecture/Landscape/Urbanism is a multidisciplinary design practice based in New York City. Founded by Marion Weiss and Michael Manfredi, the firm is known for the dynamic integration of architecture, art, infrastructure, and landscape design. The firm's projects, including the Seattle Art Museum's Olympic Sculpture Park, the Barnard College Diana Center, and the Brooklyn Botanic Garden Visitor Center, exemplify the potential of architecture and landscape design to transform public space. The firm recently won the national competition to redesign the Sylvan Theater, an integrated outdoor amphitheater at the Washington Monument Grounds on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. and the Corporate Co-Location Building, the second building to appear on Cornell NYC Tech's groundbreaking new Roosevelt Island campus. Other recent work includes the winning designs of international competitions for Korea's Taekwondo Park and Toronto's Lower Don Lands Park, as well as a project in East Africa. WEISS/MANFREDI has won numerous awards, including the Academy Award for Architecture from the American Academy of Arts and Letters, and the international VR Green Prize for Urban Design. They have also been named one of North America's “Emerging Voices” by the Architectural League of New York, and received the New York City AIA Gold Medal of Honor. Michael Manfredi has been the Gensler Visiting Professor at Cornell University and Marion Weiss is the Graham Chair Professor of Architecture at the University of Pennsylvania.
 
项目信息:
项目位置:纽约长岛中心大道52-10号
项目客户:纽约市经济发展公司、经济发展主管副市长办公室
公园设计:托马斯·贝尔斯利联合设计事务、韦斯/曼弗雷迪建筑事务所
首席顾问及基础设施设计:英国奥雅纳工程顾问公司
竣工时间:2013年8月
项目规模:公园及绿地街区(一期):9.5英亩(约3.8公顷);遮荫长廊式构筑物:12 000平方英尺(约1114.8平方米)
设计团队:托马斯·贝尔斯利联合设计事务
团队成员:托马斯·贝尔斯利(设计负责人)、克里斯汀·加布里埃尔、戴尔·沙费尔、迈克尔·孔兹
韦斯/曼弗雷迪设计团队:
团队成员:马里恩·韦斯(美国建筑师协会会员)、迈克尔·A.·曼弗雷迪(美国建筑师协会会员,项目设计合作者)、克里斯多夫·巴伦坦(研究协会成员,项目经理)、迈克尔·斯坦纳(美国建筑师协会成员,绿色建筑专业认证专家)、李林(姓名音译,项目建筑师)、迈克尔·布拉斯伯格(研究协会成员)、爱丽丝·柴(姓氏音译)、尼克·埃利奥特、高炯洪(姓名音译,美国建筑师协会成员)、乔·维塞尔
英国奥雅纳工程顾问公司团队:马特·贝斯特、迈克尔·纽维、詹姆斯·德马克
项目团队:
英国奥雅纳工程顾问公司:首席顾问、土木工程、建筑结构及照明设计
E设计动力公司:生态系统及生态修复专家
英国哈尔克罗公司:海洋工程设计
卡利恩·奥利维尔:公共艺术设计
AG工程顾问公司:智能化工程、机械工程、电气工程、管道工程,消防工程
YU8环境工程公司:环境工程
VJ工程顾问公司:成本估算
B-A 交通工程公司:智能化交通工程
二·十二设计公司:平面设计
AKRF工程顾问公司:项目场地历史研究
LiRo工程公司:驻地工程师团队
 
Project Credits:
Location: 52-10 Center Blvd., Long Island City, New York 11101
Client: New York City Economic Development Corporation; Office of the Deputy Mayor for Economic Development
Park Designers: Thomas Balsley Associates / WEISS/MANFREDI
Prime Consultant and Infrastructure Designer: ARUP
Completion: August 2013
Dimensions: Park and green streets (Phase 1): 9.5 acres; Pavilion: 12,000 sf
Design Team: Thomas Balsley
Associates Team: Thomas Balsley (Design Principal); Christian Gabriel, Dale Schafer, Michael Koontz
WEISS/MANFRED
Team: Marion Weiss, FAIA and Michael A. Manfredi, FAIA(Design Partners); Christopher Ballentine, RA (Project Manager); Michael Steiner, AIA, LEED AP and Lee Lim (Project Architects), Michael Blasberg, RA, Alice Chai, Nick Elliot, Hyoung-Cul Kook, AIA, and Joe Vessell
ARUP Team: Matt Best, Michael Newey, James DeMarco
Project Team:
Arup, Prime Consultant. Civil, Structural Engineer and Lighting Design
E-Design Dynamics, Ecological Systems and Restoration Ecologist
Halcrow, Marine Engineering
Karyn Olivier, Public Art
AG Consulting Engineering, PC, MEPFP Engineering
Yu 8 Associates, Environmental Engineer
VJ Associates. Cost Estimator
B-A Engineering, P.C., Traffic Engineer
Two Twelve, Graphic Designer
AKRF, Historical Researcher
The Liro Group, Resident Engineer
 

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