底特律中城科技小镇街区/Sasaki Associates, Inc.
Midtown Detroit Techtown District by Sasaki Associates, Inc.
2014-12-02 10:22:27    | keywords: 底特律  科技  景观  规划  分析  ASLA  Sasaki 
底特律中城科技小镇街区/Sasaki Associates, Inc.
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规划突显了社区认同感和参与度,充满活力且令人眼前一亮;超前的构思体现在将景观空间整合进户外场所里,这显得很独特。—2014ASLA最佳分析与规划专业奖评语
"This is a fresh, vibrant plan that highlights community pride and engagement, while advancing ideas about how the landscape can be used as a collaborative outdoor space, which is unique."
- 2014 Awards Jury
 
 
项目概述
 
科技小镇街区规划讲述了底特律中城知识街区“科技小镇”的复兴远景,极富启发。此规划撬动了进驻街区的三大机构的发展潜力——韦恩州立大学、创意设计学院、亨利福特医疗中心,营造了具有创新力、合作性和生产力的动态枢纽。公共空间经过精心布局得到品质的提升,围绕新建的中央广场,经过时间的累积,将促进更多私人投资方纷至沓来。
 
项目描述
 
新经济催生了各种新型模式,诸如学习、研究、工作以及那些能够促进从课堂到市场的跨学科的思想转变。这些改变要求机构重新考虑他们的组织方式以及在物理环境里的合作方式。科技小镇作为新兴知识街区容纳了底特律中城三大重点机构——韦恩州立大学(WSU)、创意设计学院(CCS)、亨利福特医疗中心(HFHS),引领了底特律从汽车经济向创新经济的转型。过去的几个月,底特律中城小镇公司(MDI)连同它的机构合作方一起推动了街区规划的进程,发挥了每个机构的独特优势,为未来的合作和投资奠定了基础。这项街区规划阐述了关于复兴经济和促进生活、工作、学习新方式的远景蓝图,每个项目都明确标示出来。公共空间成为加速这一改变的标志性特色。
 
科技小镇的特点体现在独具特色的建筑物,这些建筑在底特律早年的汽车经济创新中扮演了十分重要的角色。现今,街区促进了各种创新模式,如新能源、医疗、创意产业,保持了创意发源地的传统。
 
街区的目标:科技小镇街区的目标直接呼应了场地面临的重点挑战。规划旨在创造具有活力的宜居社区,那儿不仅安全,还支持一天二十四小时的活动。现今,住宅和零售服务十分短缺,公共空间也十分有限。街边区域破败不堪,满街都是大型停车场、空白的墙壁,地面空间稀缺且被分割得支离破碎,照明设施这儿是好的,那儿是坏的,人们都不愿意来到这样的场地。活力社区的营造需要一系列元素的组合,包括市民空间、基础设施、多样化的住房选择、各种第三方空间。规划团队提出以综合公共空间策略为基础来整合这些元素。
 
科技小镇街区规划旨在鼓励尝试并使创意的诞生更加可视化。试验对于新思想和业务的形成起关键作用。创新每天都在科技小镇上演,基础设施的试验局限于专业机构,并没有延伸到更广泛的受众人群。合作办公空间、孵化室、装配实验室、黑客实验室、试验厨房等项目都促进了试验。科技小镇的规划将这些空间放在场址正中央,可达性高且可见度高,横跨室内和室外的环境,鼓励人们参与并探索这个开拓思维的公共空间。
 
科技小镇街区规划促进各方的合作。新思想常常是各方合作和即兴交流的产物,在这个时候,机构很大程度上成为内部仓库,很少参与到公共空间或附近组织里。这种朝向新型创新经济的改变需要合作场所,包括各种计划内的或者偶遇的会面场地,以及临时集会场所和可变空间。科技小镇街区规划将这些元素整合进中央广场,对周边的使用者极具亲和力。合作在这个公共空间里诞生,也在周边的建筑里诞生。
 
科技小镇街区规划致力于为街区界定一个中心区。泛滥的地面停车场以及投资局面的分化一直是底特律的特点。通过具有活力的开放空间框架和城市设计策略,此规划将场所从以汽车为主转变为以人为主,同时还为街区营造了边界清晰的中心区和视觉定位。
 
分析与外延
 
为了更好地理解规划中最突出的问题,各种分析技巧被采用,比如与股东的谈话、场地条件的摄影记录、房产证和停车布局的绘制、实地勘探、未做过的研究以及“我的街区”调查问卷。“我的街区”是在线平面调查表,主要发给重点雇主和机构,帮助理解街区的品质形象。个体的问卷则是帮助界定思想与合作的来源以及人们最喜欢的用餐地和户外场地,还有危险地带、普通人行道、机动车道、自行车行道、街区边界的认知。答卷者将两千多个图标放置在地图上,通过这些回应最终确定了中央广场的选址,通过公共空间和建筑处理强化了人们对于安全认知的需求。
 
充满活力的外延流程也影响了设计策略。每一个里程碑事件都有一个股东委员会做顾问,委员都是来自重点机构的代表。夜间的开放论坛为项目更新提供场地和演讲人的演讲。“科技小镇演讲”作为项目博客记录了整个规划流程,同时成为反馈的新工具。诸如“电路板”和“硬币调查表”等交互游戏在论坛里被用于测试不同的设计,同时给出首期投资的聚焦点排行榜。硬币调查表决定了街景和公园作为街区最先的焦点区域。
 
核心场地
 
分析和外延流程帮助形成街区的鼓励性长期框架以及以标志性中央广场为焦点投资的短期刺激项目。首期投资通过西边的新公园将预设的轻轨站与东部相连。策略街道的关闭和原有地面停车场的转型一起形成了街区的中心区。茂密的树林和线性条凳引导个体从轻轨站走向广场。装配实验室进驻广场南边,装配桌子横跨室内和室外的环境。合作方块,或者说是可移动、可调节的工作站,为广场带来人气,还可以满足特定使用者重新组织和放置的需求。这些方块为街区创造了合作性图标。
 
投影屏幕、攀爬墙、标志性遮阴闭环界定了广场的北面,不规整的树林摆放了咖啡馆的座椅。这些娱乐设施与附近可调节空间形成互补,还可以根据时间的流逝和社区需求的变化而进行调节。广场是“制造者集会”和“黑客挑战”的秋季家园。冬季,广场融合了灯光装置和临时冰壶道以及用于取暖的合作性篝火。春天,广场摇身一变成为能量挑战的震中,有太阳能测试立方体和食物贩售车。地面的彩色铺装呈现马赛克的效果,为街区中心营造了品牌效应。
 
向前移动
 
广场被视为街区短期投资的关键部分。它是街区的枢纽,也是所有股东达成一致的基本面,而远景的落地却需要协调各个地主方。规划流程为项目的实施奠定了寻求资金的基础。一旦实现,核心场地的公共空间策略在点燃创新和推动底特律向创新经济的转型方面极具潜力。
 
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科技小镇中心:中央广场是规划的中心亮点,也将是早期投资的重心。公共领域投资的多样性将鼓励各方相互合作迸发灵感与创意
A Heart for Techtown: The core plaza is the central feature of the plan, and will be the focus of early investment. A variety of public realm investments will encourange collaboration and the generation of ideas.
Photo Credit: Sasaki Associates, Inc.
 
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合作的可能性:科技小镇入驻了三个重点机构——韦恩州立大学、亨利福特医疗中心、创意设计学院。每个机构先前都有各自的发展计划,这些计划却没有制约科技小镇的合作远景
Collaborative Potential: TechTown is anchored by three key institutions: Wayne State University, Henry Ford Health System, and the College for Creative Studies. While each institution had previously prepared individual development plans, the plans did not leverage opportunities for collaboration in TechTown.
Photo Credit: Sasaki Associates, Inc.
 
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选址考虑  Site Considerations  Photo Credit: Sasaki Associates, Inc.
 
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参与策略:各种创意策略的应用旨在鼓励股东参与到计划的制定中,例如,交互游戏、在线调查、优先演练、博客流、公众开放论坛等。机构领导核心委员会在每个里程碑的决定中扮演顾问的角色
Engagement Strategies: A variety of creative strategies were employed to encourage stakeholder participation in the development of the plan, including interactive games, online surveys, prioritization exercises, blog streaming, and public open forums. A core committee of institutional leaders were consulted at each milestone.
Photo Credit: Sasaki Associates, Inc.
 
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框架工作原则:计划的成形基于多项规划和设计原则,这些不仅解决了场地难题,还支持了该区域的远景目标
Framework Principles: The plan is driven by several planning and design principles that address site challenges and support aspirational goals for the district.
Photo Credit: Sasaki Associates, Inc.
 
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公共领域框架:科技小镇的远景是基于公共领域框架而展开的,后者定义了重要廊道并连接了入驻机构。每条廊道都有各自不同的公共领域土地使用策略,特征明显
Public Realm Framework: The vision for TechTown is structured around a public realm framework that defines key corridors and connects anchor institutions. Each corridor is characterized by a different public realm and land use strategy.
Photo Credit: Sasaki Associates, Inc.
 
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科技小镇远景:长期远景将科技小镇定位为底特律的创新枢纽。翻新后的公共空间将创意产业融合进充满活力的城市社群里
Techtown Vision: The long term vision positions TechTown as the hub of innovation in Detroit. A renewed public realm ties together ideas-based industries within a vibrant urban neighborhood.
Photo Credit: Sasaki Associates, Inc.
 
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中央广场元素:中央广场催生了科技小镇的新一轮投资。市民空间和公共展区项目鼓励人们参与其中,创意百出,相互合作
Core Plaza Elements: The core plaza catalyzes new investment in TechTown. Engaging civic spaces and a carefully curated public realm program encourage participation, creation, and collaboration.
Photo Credit: Sasaki Associates, Inc.
 
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中央广场的设计旨在鼓励人们在小区中央互动并开展企业活动
The core plaza is designed to encourage collaboration and entrepreneurial activity the heart of the district.
Photo Credit: Sasaki Associates, Inc.
 
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互动立方体:为科技小镇定制的互动立方体可移动且可变形,适用于举办一系列活动,包括头脑风暴的即兴会议和策划好的社交活动
Collaboration Cubes: Mobile and adaptable collaboration cubes, specifically designed for TechTown, support a range of active uses from spontaneous brainstorming sessions to planned social activities.
Photo Credit: Sasaki Associates, Inc.
 
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从附近微观装配实验室延伸出的装配桌方便了人们对新产品的视觉测试和开发。遮阴结构和相宜的景观营造出合作的融洽氛围
Fabrication tables extend from the adjacent fab-lab to facilitate the visible testing and development of new products. Shade structures and complementary landscaping create a comfortable environment for collaboration.
Photo Credit: Sasaki Associates, Inc.
 
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头脑风暴树林和思想池为人们提供非正式的聚会社交场所,附近的短路咖啡馆和贩售食品的卡车近在眼前
The Brainstorming Grove and Think Tank provide an informal destination for meeting and socializing, with access to the nearby Short Circuit Cafe and food trucks.
Photo Credit: Sasaki Associates, Inc.
 
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广场的四季变化:广场的设计具有灵活性,适合一年四季的各种活动,如冬季的冰壶游戏与露营,春夏的电影放映和机器人竞赛,秋季的厂家直销和啤酒花园等
Plaza through the seasons: The plaza is designed for flexibility and to support year-round activity, from curling and campfires in the winter, to movie screenings and robot competitions in the spring and summer, to maker’s fairs and beer gardens in the fall.
Photo Credit: Sasaki Associates, Inc.
 
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远景的实现:随着时间的流逝,科技小镇的远景终将实现。开业会催生了中央广场的发展,随之而来的是递增的投资,这些都将巩固该区的中心地位
Realizing the Vision: The vision for TechTown will be realized over time. A launch party catalyzes the development of the core plaza, followed by incremental investment that reinforces the heart of the district.
Photo Credit: Sasaki Associates, Inc.
 
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区域转型:该区目前被定义为表皮停车场,缺少定位,改造后将转型为具有清晰场所感的高密度城市环境,却不失秩序
District Transformation: A district currently defined by surface parking lots and lack of identity will be transformed into a dense, well-balanced urban setting, with a clearly defined sense of place.
Photo Credit: Sasaki Associates, Inc.
 
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可持续性和宜居性:区域策略对现有可持续投资产生影响,支持可持续性的定义。规划的基础元素是社会、经济和环境的可持续性
Sustainability and Livability: The district strategy leverages existing sustainability investments, and supports a broad definition of sustainability. Social, economic, and environmental sustainability are foundational elements of the plan.
Photo Credit: Sasaki Associates, Inc.
 
 
Project Statement
 
The TechTown District Plan articulates an inspiring vision for the revitalization of TechTown, a knowledge district in Midtown Detroit. The plan leverages the potential of the three institutions that anchor the district – Wayne State University, the College for Creative Studies, and the Henry Ford Health System – to create a dynamic hub for innovation, collaboration and production. Carefully curated public realm improvements, focused around a new central plaza, will foster private investment over time.
 
Project Narrative
 
The new economy requires new modes of learning, researching, working, and generating ideas that cut across disciplines and facilitate the transfer of ideas from the classroom to the marketplace. These changes demand that institutions reconsider how they are organized and how they collaborate within their physical environments. TechTown, an emerging knowledge district anchored by three key institutions in Midtown Detroit - Wayne State University (WSU), the College for Creative Studies (CCS), and the Henry Ford Health System (HFHS) - is leading Detroit’s transition from an automotive to an innovation-based economy. Over the past several months, Midtown Detroit Inc. (MDI), along with its institutional partners, has facilitated a district planning process that leverages the unique strengths of each institution, while creating new opportunities for collaboration and investment. The district plan for TechTown articulates a long term vision, with clearly defined catalytic projects that will foster economic development and support new ways living, working, and learning. The public realm emerges as the defining feature that accelerates this change. 
 
The character of TechTown itself is unique, featuring buildings that played an important role in the automotive innovations of an earlier era. Today, the district fosters new modes of innovation from alternative energy, to healthcare, to creative industries maintaining its legacy as a birthplace for ideas. 
 
Goals for the District: The goals of the TechTown district directly respond to key challenges of the site. The plan aims to create a vibrant and livable neighborhood that is safe and supports activity 24/7. Today, there is a shortage of housing and retail services, and limited public space. Poorly defined street edges, large parking lots, blank walls, isolated uses and lack of ground floor transparency, and inconsistent lighting across the district discourage people from engaging the site. The creation of a vibrant neighborhood requires a combination of civic spaces and infrastructure, diverse housing options, and a variety of third spaces. Our proposal integrates these elements within a comprehensive public realm strategy.
 
The TechTown District Plan aims to encourage experimentation and make visible the production of ideas. Experimentation is critical to the formation of new ideas and businesses. While innovations occur daily in TechTown, experimental infrastructure is limited to specialized institutions and is not accessible to a broader audience. Co-working spaces, incubators, fabrication labs, hacker labs, and test kitchens enable experimentation. The plan for TechTown situates these spaces in central, highly visible and accessible locations that span both indoor and outdoor environments, encouraging inquiry, while activating the public realm in a thought-provoking and participatory manner.
 
The TechTown District Plan aims to facilitate collaboration. While new ideas are often the product of collaboration, and spontaneous conversations, institutions in TechTown largely operate as internalized siloes that rarely engage the public realm or nearby organizations. The shift toward a new innovation economy requires places for collaboration, including landing spots for planned and serendipitous meetings, and hoc gathering spaces, and flexible and temporary spaces. The TechTown District Plan brings these elements together within a central plaza with inviting adjacent uses. Collaboration occurs in the public realm as much as in surrounding buildings.
 
The TechTown District Plan seeks to create a defined heart for the district. The decentralized patterns of investment and prevalence of surface parking characteristic of Detroit also define TechTown. Through a robust open space framework and urban design strategy, the plan transforms places for cars into places for people, while creating a clearly defined heart and visual identity for the district.
 
Analysis and Outreach
 
To better understand the salient planning issues, a variety of analytical techniques were employed, including conversations with stakeholders, photographic essays of site conditions, mapping property ownership and parking patterns, site tours, precedent studies, and a “MyDistrict” survey. MyDistrict is an online graphic survey that was distributed to key employers and institutions to help understand qualitative impressions of the district. Individuals were asked to identify where ideas are formed, where they collaborate, favorite dining locations, favorite outdoor areas, unsafe areas, common pedestrian, vehicular, and bicycle routes, and perceptions of the district boundaries. Respondents placed more than 2,000 icons on the map. Their responses informed the ultimate site selection for the core plaza, and reinforced the need to address perceptions of safety through public realm and building treatments.
 
A robust outreach process also influenced the design strategy. At each milestone, a stakeholder committee with representatives from key institutions was consulted. Open forums in the evening provided venues for project updates, and included presentations from spotlight speakers. TechTownTalk, the project blog, was developed to document the planning process and provided another vehicle for feedback. Interactive games, such as the “Circuit Board” and the “Coin Survey” were employed during the forums to test different design alternatives and to rank preferences for where to focus initial investment. The coin survey identified streetscapes and parks as one of the preferred focus areas for the district.
 
Core Site
 
The analysis and outreach process helped generate both a long term aspirational framework for the district, along with a near-term catalytic project that focuses investment around a signature core plaza. Initial investments link the proposed light rail stop to the east with a new park to the west. Strategic street closures and the transformation of existing surface parking lots create a defined heart for the district. A dense grove of trees and linear bench direct individuals from the proposed light rail stop into the plaza. A fabrication lab anchors the southern side of the plaza with fabrication tables that span both indoor and outdoor environments. Collaboration cubes—or moveable and adaptable work stations—populate the plaza and can be reconfigured and relocated to meet the specific needs of the user. These cubes create a collaborative icon for the district.
 
A projection screen, climbing wall, and signature shade circuit define the north side of the plaza, which includes a café with seating among an informal grove of trees. These amenities complement a nearby flexible space that can be programmed according to time of year and community needs. The plaza is home to the “maker’s fair” and “hacker challenge” in the fall. In the winter, the plaza accommodates a light installation and temporary curling lane, with collaborative campfires for warmth. Spring transforms the plaza into the epicenter of an alternative energy challenge with solar test cubes and food trucks. Colored pavers pixelate the ground plane, and create a branded identity for the heart of the district.
 
Moving Forward
 
The plaza is regarded as the near term critical investment in the district. It serves as the nexus and collaborative common ground for all stakeholders, but requires the coordination of several landholders to realize the vision. This planning process provides the foundation for seeking funding essential to implementing this project. If realized, the core site public realm strategy has the potential to ignite innovation and drive Detroit’s transition toward a new innovation economy.
 
 
Project Resources
 
设计和施工团队Design & Construction Team
Daniel Kenney, AICP, AIA, Principal-in-Charge
Dennis Pieprz, HASLA, Principal
Philip Perlin, Planner
Caitlyn Clauson, Planner
Romil Sheth, Urban Designer
Alexis Canter, Landscape Architect
Victor Eskinazi, Urban Designer
Liz Juusola, Communication Specialist
Ponnapa Prakkamkul, Landscape Architect
 
顾问Consultants
Interface-Studio – Urban Development Strategy
Street Plans Collaborative – Bike and Pedestrian Mobility
Rebar Group – Landscape and Public Art
Institute for the Future –Technology-Led Economic Development

Via ASLA 90degree编译,本文未经许可,不得转载。
 

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