2014美国国家规划优秀奖(下)
APA Planning Excellence Awards (II)
2014-08-16 23:12:39    | keywords: 优秀奖  美国  国家  规划 
2014美国国家规划优秀奖(下)
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规划本身就是一个不断发现的过程,设定不同的目标,采用各种工具、理念,集结各方人士……本期专题全景报道美国规划协会2014年获奖项目,传递最新的业界资讯。
 
Planning is a process of discovery with different goals, tools, ideas that unite 
community residents, professionals, practitionals and government officials. The topic in this issue is reporting American Planning Association’s 2014 awarded projects to update you the latest information in this industry. 


美国国家优秀规划奖——经济发展与规划创新奖National Planning Excellence Award for Innovation in Economic Development & Planning
 
东富兰克林顿创意社区规划East Franklinton Creative Community District Plan
 
地点:俄亥俄州,哥伦布丨Location: Columbus, Ohio
 
该项目的设计始于2011年,历时9个月完成,着力于吸引和留住那些负担不起该市昂贵房价的年轻“创意阶层”。东富兰克林顿创意社区规划由古迪·克兰西带领的跨专业团队制定,呼吁在哥伦布市中心西面一块占地200英亩的破败半工业用地上,建设一个艺术创意社区。为确保该社区居民能够长留此地,该计划采取了多项措施,包括对新开发项目下达房屋可购性管制命令、冻结现有住宅用地上的现行房产税、减免艺术家的生活/工作税费。
该项目将建设多达2 000套的阁楼式公寓、商住两用房及独栋住宅。配套建设占地面积近50 000平方英尺,包括商店、咖啡馆和画廊。对超过100 000平方英尺的工业建筑进行适应性改造,将使其成为艺术工作室、创业型企业和小型企业的孵化基地。该社区建成后,预计可容纳3 600至4 800名居民。目前已有两个仓库正在进行适应性改造,还有一个全新多功能项目正在建设中。
 
A nine-month planning process that began in 2011 focused on specifically attracting and retaining young 'creative class' residents who cannot afford the city's increasingly gentrified neighborhoods. The East Franklinton Creative Community District Plan, prepared by an interdisciplinary team led by Goody Clancy, calls for creating of an arts and innovation district on 200 acres of distressed, partly industrial land just west of downtown Columbus. Measures to ensure the district's residents can remain in the area include affordability mandates for new development, freezing of existing property taxes for existing residential parcels, and artist live/work tax credits. 
As many as 2,000 new lofts, live/work houses, and single-family houses will be built, along with nearly 50,000 square feet of stores, cafes, and galleries. There is potential for more than 100,000 square feet of adaptive reuse of industrial buildings for artist studios and entrepreneur/small business incubator space. The new district is projected to become home for 3,600 to 4,800 new residents. Already under development are the adaptive reuse of two warehouses and one new mixed-use project. 
 

美国国家优秀规划奖——城市设计奖National Planning Excellence Award for Urban Design
 
布鲁克林大桥公园Brooklyn Bridge Park
 
地点:纽约,布鲁克林丨Location: Brooklyn, New York
 
布鲁克林大桥公园项目将布鲁克林长达1.3英里利用率极低的东河滨水区改造成了一个风景优美的多功能空间。布鲁克林大桥公园曾因高架的布鲁克林-皇后区高速公路而与世隔绝,但现在,其主要出入口成了城市连接点,架设的人行天桥也提升了城市的通达度,从而成功地将布鲁克林滨水区与邻近社区融为一体。该公园的主要开发目标包括使公众重返滨水区、打造多功能城市空间、连接邻近社区等。
到目前为止,布鲁克林大桥公园已完成了占地达38英亩的项目建设,一旦全部竣工,其将覆盖东河沿岸的滨水区。这将给当地社区带来翻天覆地的影响。新建的五个码头、修缮的古老旋转木马、船用坡道、卵石滩、钓鱼站、盐沼、游乐场、运动场以及诸多寓教于乐的项目每天都能吸引来成千上万的游客。
 
The Brooklyn Bridge Park transformed 1.3 miles of Brooklyn's formerly inaccessible East River waterfront into a scenic, multi-use space. Once isolated from the community by the elevated Brooklyn-Queens Expressway, the Brooklyn Bridge Park has successfully integrated the Brooklyn waterfront into the fabric of the neighborhood by creating urban nodes at the park's main entrances and improving access with a new pedestrian bridge. The park was planned with several goals guiding its development, including returning the waterfront edge to the public; creating a multi-use civic space; and connecting with the adjacent neighborhoods.
To date, more than 38 acres have been built. Once fully complete, the Brooklyn Bridge Park will span 85 acres along the East River waterfront. The park has had a transformative impact on the community. Five completed piers, a restored historic carousel, boat ramps, pebble beaches, fishing stations, a salt marsh, playground, sports fields, and educational programs attract thousands of visitors on any given day.

 
皮埃尔•郎芳特国际优秀规划奖The Pierre L'Enfant International Planning Excellence Award
 
宋庄艺术和农业新城The Songzhuang Arts and Agriculture City
 
地点:中国,北京丨Location: Beijing, China
 
宋庄艺术和农业新城总体规划为北京东面边缘区域的城市环境与农业的结合提供了一个富有创新性的方案。该规划由Sasaki设计事务所完成,旨在将该地区的农耕商品经济转变为以艺术、农业、科技、研发为核心的新产业经济。为应对北京外围土地的快速开发状况,该规划将农田设在中心地带,而城区则设在边缘地带,从而形成一系列自给自足的社区。该方法有利于形成多种不同的内部边缘条件,促进农耕景观与城市肌理的互动。
该规划呼吁保留98%的现有农业用地,将其用作农田生产或功能性景观基础设施建设,从而增加就业机会,提高当地粮食生产水平。该规划着重强调建设可持续发展社区和环境。此外,鉴于该地区在夏季季风期多发暴雨,佐佐木为宋庄提供了一个重要方案,即在场地景观中设计一系列措施来管理暴雨水质和水量,努力降低洪水风险。
 
The Songzhuang Arts and Agriculture Citymaster plan offers an innovative approach to the integration of agriculture and the urban environment along the eastern fringe of Beijing. Completed by Sasaki Associates, the plan's purpose is to transition the region's economy from a commodity-based, agrarian landscape toward new industries that focus on art, agriculture, technology, and research. In response to the quickly evolving land outside of Beijing, the plan proposes a series of self-sustaining communities with farmland located at the core and urban development along the periphery of the community. This approach allows for more diverse internal edge conditions that foster greater interaction between the cultivated landscape and urban fabric.
The plan calls for preserving 98 percent of existing agricultural land for use as either productive farmland or functional landscape infrastructure, which will allow for increased employment opportunities and improved local food production. The plan places emphasis on sustainable communities and environments. Additionally, the site landscape incorporates strategies to manage storm water quantity and quality within the development and considers opportunities to mitigate flood risks — an important planning provision for Songzhuang, as the region is prone to intense storms during the summer monsoonal rains. 

 
美国国家优秀规划奖——规划倡导奖National Planning Excellence Award for a Planning Advocate
 
杰斐逊县议员辛西娅·李盛Cynthia Lee-Sheng, Jefferson Parish Council
 
地点:路易斯安那州,格雷特纳丨Location: Gretna, Louisiana
 
辛西娅•李盛一直致力于推动规划工作,以图解决素有“肥城”之称的杰斐逊县内占地134英亩土地的社区开发及长期投资缩减问题。自2009年当选杰斐逊县议员以来,李盛就投入到规划工作中,恪守其谋求社区长期繁荣和改善居民生活质量的承诺。
李盛与当地居民领导的规划工作组合作,成功说服议会将“肥城战略计划”纳入该县整体规划。她还委派肥城咨询委员会就建设肥城商业开发区等长期优先项目征询公众意见,并领导该地的重新分区工作,鼓励综合开发项目,设计并采用遏制通宵酒吧的标准。分区改变后,当地的报警次数下降了32%。该地原有的建筑被改造成新式餐厅、办公空间及健康中心,外来投资也随之增加。李盛还鼓励当地企业与民间领袖加强合作,建立新式联盟关系。
 
Cynthia Lee-Sheng has been instrumental in supporting planning efforts to address the community development challenges and chronic disinvestment facing the 134-acre area in Jefferson Parish known as "Fat City." Since her election to the Jefferson Parish Council in 2009, Lee-Sheng has embraced the planning process and exhibited a genuine commitment to the neighborhood's long-term prosperity and improving resident quality of life.
Lee-Sheng collaborated with a citizen-led planning task force and successfully persuaded the city council to adopt the Fat City strategic plan as a component of the parish's comprehensive plan. She appointed a Fat City advisory board to garner consensus for long-term priorities such as creation of the Fat City business development district. Lee-Sheng led the re-zoning effort to encourage mixed use, design and use standards to curtail all-night bars. As a result of the zoning changes, police calls to the area have declined by 32 percent. Investment in the area also has increased with the redevelopment of former buildings into new restaurants, office space, and a new wellness center. Lee-Sheng has forged new alliances and has encouraged collaboration between businesses and civic leaders.
 

美国国家优秀规划奖——新兴规划设计公司奖National Planning Excellence Award for an Emerging Planning & Design Firm
 
侯西尔·拉维妮设计事务所(Houseal Lavigne Associates)Houseal Lavigne Associates
 
地点:伊利诺伊州,芝加哥丨Location: Chicago, Illinois
 
侯西尔•拉维妮设计事务所是芝加哥一家城市规划与社区发展咨询公司。该公司致力于通过开展创新外展服务,优化规划项目,因此获得了所在社区的鼎力支持。该公司所制定的每项计划均以全面的外展方式融入了科技元素,形成了视觉的冲击。
该事务所自2004年成立以来,就已同美国13个州200多个社区合作过。其在设计每个项目时,都严格遵循四个重要标准,即质量、影响、道德实践、外展及参与。该事务所所设计的规划图样及融入的科技元素,均展示了其所具有的巨大影响力。麦克亨利县总体规划的全部设计工作均由该事务所在室内完成,故该规划因其图样及设计所具有的独特魅力而被称为“咖啡桌上的读本”。该事务所的11名成员积极参与各种研讨会议、组织培训活动、开设大学课程培养未来规划师,以推动规划行业的发展。
 
Houseal Lavigne is an urban planning and community development consulting firm based in Chicago. The agency is helping to make planning more engaging through its creative citizen outreach and thereby garnering maximum support for and among the communities in which they work. Each plan the firm develops is technology integrated, visually engaging, and has inclusionary outreach methods.
Since its founding in 2004, Houseal Lavigne has worked with more than 200 communities in 13 states. The agency approaches each project keeping the following four key criteria in mind — quality, influence, ethical practice, and outreach and engagement. The agency's influence is already evident through its planning graphics and technology integration. Completing all of the design work in-house, it's McHenry County Comprehensive Master Plan has been referred to as a "coffee table book" because of its graphics and design attractiveness. The staff of 11 also is active in helping to advance the planning profession by presenting at conferences, leading training programs, and educating future planners through university courses.

 
美国国家优秀规划奖——规划机构奖National Planning Excellence Award for a Planning Agency
 
塔拉哈西市-莱昂县规划局Tallahassee — Leon County Planning Department
 
地点:佛罗里达州,塔拉哈西丨Location: Tallahassee, Florida
 
作为佛罗里达州塔拉哈西市和莱昂县的合作伙伴,塔拉哈西市-莱昂县规划局已完成了许多动态规划项目,这些项目鼓励利益攸关方携手合作、互相帮助,为当地社会谋福利。该规划局还制定过多个有关流动性、场所营造及绿道建设的计划。这些计划将许多存在重建及功能问题的破败区域改造成了公共休闲娱乐空间,从而提升了公众的参与度,并促进了当地企业的发展。
该规划局认同创建“社区文化”所具有的价值,鼓励并落实公众对社区文化建设的参与,同时积极招募市民,成立市民咨询委员会、工作组及专题组。该规划局新成立的“设计工坊”为当地业主提供了免费的城市规划及场地设计等高级技术援助。
 
As a partnership between the City of Tallahassee and Leon County, Florida, theTallahassee — Leon County Planning Department (TLCPD) has created dynamic planning programs that benefit the whole community and encourage coordination with and assistance to stakeholders. TLCPD has produced plans that focus on mobility, placemaking, and greenways. Their plans have converted areas struggling with redevelopment and functionality issues into pleasing public spaces that engage citizens and support local businesses.
TLCPD recognizes the value of creating a "culture of community," welcoming and implementing citizen input. The department actively recruits citizens for citizen advisory committees, work groups, and focus groups. TLCPD's newly formed design studio, DesignWorks, offers free of charge, high-level technical assistance on urban design and site design for local property owners.
 

美国国家规划奖——规划先驱奖National Planning Award for a Planning Pioneer
 
美国高级注册规划师、名誉教授欧文·汉德(Irving Hand)Irving Hand, FAICP, Professor Emeritus
 
地点:宾夕法尼亚州,哈里斯堡丨Location: Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
 
欧文·汉德教授欧是美国一名高级注册规划师,在美国规划领域举足轻重,特别是对区域规划方法的形成做出了巨大的贡献。20世纪50年代初,他在俄克拉何马州塔尔萨市区规划委员会的成立过程中发挥了重要作用。1962年,他推动了纳什维尔市和戴维森县大都市政府的成立。后来,汉德被宾夕法尼亚州州长威廉·斯克兰登任命为宾夕法尼亚州规划委员会主任。在他的领导下,规划委员会于1968年帮助宾夕法尼亚制定了规划授权立法,并促成了该州首个《市政规划法》。该法一直沿用至今。他还带头制定宾夕法尼亚州首个《阿巴拉契亚发展计划》。
在学术上,汉德曾担任宾夕法尼亚州立大学哈里斯堡首府校区城市与区域规划专业研究生教育项目主任。他成立了宾夕法尼亚州事务研究所和宾夕法尼亚州数据中心,这两个机构一直致力于为宾州乃至全美的规划需求提供服务。目前,汉德是三角洲发展集团公司(Delta Development Group, Inc)的荣誉董事长,坚持为社会提供规划服务和培训。他于2000年入选美国注册规划师协会院士团成员。
 
Professor Irving Hand, FAICP, has had a significant national impact on the planning profession, especially on developing a regional planning approach. In the early 1950s, he played an instrumental role in establishing the Tulsa, Oklahoma, Metropolitan Area Planning Commission. He helped facilitate the creation of the Metropolitan Government of Nashville and Davidson County in 1962. Hand was appointed by Pennsylvania Governor William Scranton as the director of the Pennsylvania State Planning Board. Under his leadership, he helped shape Pennsylvania's planning enabling legislation in 1968 with the adoption of the state's first Municipalities Planning Code. The code remains in effect today. He also spearheaded the development of Pennsylvania's first Appalachian Development Plan.
Within the academic realm, Hand served as Chairman of the graduate degree program in urban and regional planning at Pennsylvania State University, Capital College. He established the Institute of State and Regional Affairs and the Pennsylvania State Data Center — both organizations continue to serve planning needs within the commonwealth but also nationwide. Hand continues to educate and provide planning service today and is Chairman Emeritus at Delta Development Group, Inc. He was inducted in the College of Fellows of the American Institute of Certified Planning in 2000. 

 
罗伯特•文丘里和丹尼斯•斯科特•布朗(Robert Venturi and Denise Scott Brown)Robert Venturi and Denise Scott Brown
 
地点:宾夕法尼亚州,费城丨Location: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
 
文丘里夫妇对建筑和规划行业的影响深远。他们创立了文丘里·斯科特·布朗设计事务所,专注于研究人与人以及人与环境之间的互动方式,并将这种互动方式融入设计和规划作品中。他们于1972年所著的《向拉斯维加斯学习》一书具有划时代的意义。该书探讨了为何会有那么多人到一座建筑师极力批评的城市去旅游,见证那里的都市生活、城市扩展以及平凡的建筑。它还重新介绍了“沟通是建筑的功能之一”这一理念,尤其对城市建筑来说更是如此。
文丘里夫妇一直强调彼此互相学习,并共同致力于整合规划、建筑和社会的研究中。他们完成了许多令世人瞩目的规划项目,其中包括密歇根大学校园规划、宾夕法尼亚州立大学总体规划、费城南街规划、佛罗里达州迈阿密海滩规划以及田纳西州孟菲斯市规划等。
 
The husband and wife team has had a profound influence on both the architecture and planning professions. Partners and owners of Venturi Scott Brown and Associates, the couple focused their work on how people interact with their environments and each other — taking that interaction into consideration in their designs and plans. Their landmark book, Learning from Las Vegas(1972), explored why so many people visited a city that was heavily criticized by architects and looked at everyday urbanism, urban sprawl, and ordinary buildings. It also reintroduced the idea of communication as a function of architecture, especially in cities.
The couple emphasizes that they have learned from each other. Together, they have worked on integrating planning, architecture, and social studies. They are noted for their campus plans, including the University of Michigan Campus Plan, the University of Pennsylvania Master Plan, and plans for South Street, Philadelphia; Miami Beach, Florida; and Memphis, Tennessee.

 
美国国家规划奖——规划里程碑奖National Planning Award for a Planning Landmark
 
1949年《住房法》Housing Act of 1949
 
于1949年通过的《住房法》旨在帮助解决因大批居民迁往郊区而导致城市住房减少的问题。该立法对联邦财政资源进行了管理,以促进美国城市的发展。立法条款着力降低住房成本,提高住房标准,并首次授权联邦政府帮助地方城市清理贫民窟、改造破旧片区。该立法着重强调开展新住房建设,提高房源数量,同时还对公共空间用地、社区设施、基本用水及污水处理设施有权获得联邦政府援助作出了明确规定。
 
The Housing Act of 1949 was passed to help address the decline of urban housing following the exodus to the suburbs. The legislation provided governance over how federal financial resources would shape the growth of American cities. Components of the legislation aimed at reducing housing costs, raising housing standards, and enabling the federal government for the first time, to aid cities in clearing slums and rebuilding blighted areas. The program emphasized new construction. In addition to improving the available housing stock, the program made open space land, neighborhood facilities, and basic water and sewer facilities eligible for federal assistance.

(完End)
 
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